William F. "Bud" Graves, 81, a retired Army colonel who during a long military career earned a Combat Infantryman's Badge in each of the three wars in which he served, died of congestive heart failure Sept. 9 at the Fairfax Retirement Community's health care center in Fort Belvoir.

Col. Graves, who had lived in the Washington area since 1964, was born on a farm in Collin County, Tex. He began his military career when he left Texas A&M University to enter the Army during World War II.

He served in a glider infantry regiment with the 17th Airborne Division as Allied forces crossed the Rhine River, and he participated in the Battle of the Bulge.

Col. Graves remained in Europe after the fall of Berlin and commanded military personnel guarding displaced people from Russia and Poland.

After serving as captain of the honor guard of the 82nd Airborne Division, he was sent to Greece to serve as an adviser to the Greek army during the insurgency there in 1947 and 1948.

He served in the infantry in the Korean War and served two tours of duty in Vietnam during the war there. In Vietnam, he commanded a brigade in combat.

His other military decorations included two Bronze Stars, three Legions of Merit and a Purple Heart.

Col. Graves completed his undergraduate degree at the University of Georgia in 1960 and then received a master's degree in international affairs from George Washington University in 1964.

In his final assignment before retiring from active duty in 1974, Col. Graves worked for the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. There, he helped craft policy development and analyses related to the strategic arms limitations talks (SALT).

Col. Graves continued to work for the agency as a civilian until 1979. In retirement, he enjoyed woodworking, genealogy and bird-watching.

Survivors include his wife of 58 years, Marguerite "Snip" Graves of Fort Belvoir; two sons, William F. Graves Jr. of Franklinton, N.C., and James M. Graves of the Hague; four daughters, Gail MacFarlane of Charles Town, W.Va., Dawn Leary of Denver, Holly Mahla of Alexandria and Regina M. Graves of Burke; a brother; a sister; and seven grandchildren.