William C. Reeves

West Nile Virus Expert

William C. Reeves, 87, a leading authority on the spread and control of such mosquito-borne diseases as West Nile virus, died of complications from a fall Sept. 19 at John Muir Medical Center in Walnut Creek, Calif.

Dr. Reeves and another scientist from the University of California at Berkeley, William M. Hammon, helped lead the research team that in 1941 isolated both western equine and St. Louis encephalitis viruses from a species of mosquito called Culex tarsalis. That discovery helped public health officials target a virus that plagued the western United States throughout the 1930s.

During World War II, Dr. Reeves advised the U.S. military about mosquito-borne viruses in the Pacific. After the war, he earned a master's degree in epidemiology and became a professor at UC Berkeley. Dr. Reeves was dean of the School of Public Health from 1967 to 1971 and headed the school's epidemiology program from 1971 to 1985. He officially retired in 1987, but came out of retirement five years ago, when West Nile virus emerged in New York as a public health threat.

Ellis L. Marsalis Sr.


Ellis L. Marsalis Sr., 96, the patriarch of a family of world famous jazz musicians, died Sept. 19 at Ochsner Foundation Hospital in New Orleans. No cause of death was given.

Mr. Marsalis' son, Ellis Jr., is a prominent New Orleans pianist and music professor who mentored crooner Harry Connick Jr. and four musician sons: Wynton, the trumpeter; saxophonist Branford; trombonist Delfeayo; and drummer Jason.

The elder Marsalis was involved in the civil rights movement through ownership of a motel in suburban New Orleans whose guests included the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., New York Rep. Adam Clayton Powell Jr., future Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall and musician Ray Charles. A Mississippi native, he had lived in New Orleans since 1921. In 1936, he became the first black manager of an Esso service station in the city.

Richard Arnold

Appeals Court Judge

Richard Arnold, 68, a judge on the 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in St. Louis since 1980, died Sept. 23 of complications from lymphoma at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn.

Mr. Arnold wrote the opinion for a three-judge panel that upheld a lower-court ruling releasing the Little Rock School District from more than 40 years of court supervision of its desegregation efforts.

During Bill Clinton's presidency, he was on the short list for nomination to the U.S. Supreme Court. Instead, Clinton nominated Stephen Breyer. Over his career, Mr. Arnold crafted more than 700 opinions. He received a lifetime achievement award from the American Society of Writers on Legal Subjects.

Billy Reay

Hockey Coach

Billy Reay, 86, who played on two Stanley Cup championship teams with the Montreal Canadiens and became the winningest coach in Chicago Blackhawks history, died Sept. 23 of liver cancer, a Blackhawks spokesman said.

Mr. Reay became the Blackhawks' coach in 1963 after coaching the Toronto Maple Leafs for two seasons in the late 1950s. His 516 wins is nearly three times as many as the next winningest Blackhawks coach, Bob Pulford, whose teams won 182 games. His teams featured such greats as Bobby Hull, Stan Mikita and Tony Esposito, finished first six times and made three appearances in the Stanley Cup finals. He never won a championship as a coach.

Mr. Reay played 10 seasons in the National Hockey League, two with the Detroit Red Wings and eight with Montreal. With the Canadiens, he centered a line with one of hockey's all-time greats, Maurice "Rocket" Richard, and helped the team win the Stanley Cup in 1946 and 1953.

Raja Ramanna

Nuclear Weapons Expert

Raja Ramanna, 79, architect of India's nuclear weapons program, died Sept. 24 after undergoing treatment for an intestinal ailment at a Bombay hospital, his assistant in his office at the National Institute of Advanced Studies in Bangalore said.

As director of the government-run research center in Bombay, Dr. Ramanna headed the team that built and tested India's first atomic bomb in the western state of Rajasthan.

A protege of Homi Bhabha, the scientist who started India's nuclear power development in the 1950s, Dr. Ramanna became known as the "architect of India's nuclear program" after the 1974 test.

Harold Zinkin Sr.

Bodybuilder, Inventor

Harold Zinkin Sr., a bodybuilding icon who invented the Universal Gym machine, died Sept. 22 after hitting his head in a fall at his Fresno, Calif., home. He was 82.

He won the first Mr. California bodybuilding title in 1941 and befriended many of the legends of the fitness field, including Jack La Lanne and California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Mr. Zinkin was a regular at Muscle Beach in the 1930s, part of a core group that started the then-ridiculed physical fitness movement. He moved to Fresno in 1953 and later started a chain of fitness centers. In 1961, he patented the Universal Gym machine, which was designed to make multiple exercises possible on a single piece of equipment. He sold his company in 1968 in a multimillion-dollar deal and turned his energy to developing property.

Billy Reay's Blackhawks won a record 516 games starting in 1963.