Lawrence Z. Freedman
Lawrence Z. Freedman, 85, a pioneering forensic psychiatrist who wrote and studied the causes of violence, particularly assassinations, terrorism and mass murder, died of a stroke Oct. 6 at his home in Chicago.
Dr. Freedman, a professor emeritus at the University of Chicago, gained attention for his work on insanity and the law, and for his investigations into killers' psychological backgrounds, which he used to build profiles of would-be presidential assassins for the Secret Service. He also helped set a legal standard for insanity which is used as a model for many states' criminal codes.
He graduated with a medical degree from Tufts University in 1944 and taught from 1946 to 1960 at Yale University, where he helped found Yale's study unit in psychiatry and law, serving as chairman for his last seven years there, before moving to Chicago. In the early 1970s, he and Harold Lasswell formed the Institute of Social and Behavioral Pathology. A prolific author, he retired from Chicago in 1985 but maintained a private psychoanalytic practice.
Linda Collins Maurer
Medic Alert Bracelet Wearer
Linda Collins Maurer, 65, a champion golfer and the first member of the Medic Alert Foundation, which warns medical professionals about a person's serious health conditions in cases of emergency, died of breast cancer Oct. 13 at her home in Turlock, Calif.
As a teenager, she proved to be allergic to a tetanus antitoxin scratch test and went into shock. When she recovered, her father, a physician, suggested that she carry a written warning about her health condition. Her parents later designed a silver identification bracelet inscribed with information about all of her allergies, and a caduceus -- two serpents wrapped around a staff -- the traditional emblem of the medical profession. The words "Medic Alert" flanked the emblem in red.
In 1956, they launched from their garage the Medic Alert Foundation, which has grown to include 4 million members worldwide and helps save as many as 4,000 lives a year, according to the foundation. Ms. Maurer's original identification bracelet is in the Smithsonian Institution. Ms. Maurer graduated from Stanford University with a degree in nursing, worked as a golf pro and twice won the Ladies Professional Golf Association Senior Teaching Division National Championship.
Thomas Donahue, 83, a planetary scientist who worked on space missions including Apollo 17, Apollo-Soyuz, Voyager and Galileo, died Oct. 16 in Ann Arbor, Mich., of complications following heart surgery.
Elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1983 and to the International Academy of Astronautics in 1986, Dr. Donahue was a fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. From 1982 to 1988, he chaired the Space Science Board of the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences, where he was a strong advocate for unmanned space science missions.
Greg Ball, 60, an outdoorsman who gave up a career in banking to create a volunteer trail maintenance program, died Oct. 17 of complications from prostate cancer at his Seattle home.
He was a vice president and corporate lender for Seafirst Bank and traded in his business suit in 1992, joining the Washington Trails Association as its executive director and creating its trail maintenance program the following year.
In 1993, the trails association donated 250 hours of volunteer work repairing and rebuilding worn trails. Since then, the program has grown to 1,800 volunteers who chip in nearly 70,000 hours of work a year.
Chuck Hiller, 70, who hit the National League's first grand slam in the World Series when he was a second baseman for the San Francisco Giants, died Oct. 20 at St. Petersburg Beach, Fla. No cause of death was reported, but he had recently undergone brain surgery.
Mr. Hiller worked in the New York Mets organization for the past 24 seasons as a major league coach and a minor league manager and adviser. He was the adviser to the minor league director this past season.
Mr. Hiller played for four teams in eight seasons in the majors and batted .243 with 20 home runs and 152 RBIs. His grand slam in Game 4 of the 1962 World Series off New York Yankees pitcher Marshall Bridges snapped a seventh-inning tie and helped the Giants to a 7-3 victory.
Alkaline Battery Inventor
Lewis Urry, 77, who invented the long-lasting alkaline batteries that power portable devices, died Oct. 19 at a hospital in Middleburg Heights, Ohio. No cause of death was reported.
Mr. Urry retired in May from Energizer, the successor to Union Carbide's National Carbon Co., where he developed the first practical long-life battery in the 1950s, using powdered zinc as the electrolyte. An estimated 80 percent of the dry cell batteries in the world today are based on the work of Mr. Urry, who held 51 patents.
Ken Shimada, 89, a Japanese Canadian baseball player whose career ended when his team was broken up and he was interned during World War II, died Sept. 19 at a long-term care center in Toronto.
His team, the Vancouver Asahi, was made up entirely of Japanese Canadian players and was known for its speed, defense, bunts and fielding. The entire team, which played from 1914 to 1941, was inducted into the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame in 2003.
Mr. Shimada, born in Vancouver, was among 22,000 Canadians of Japanese ancestry interned during World War II. His family was stripped of its business, a diner, and barred from returning to the West Coast after the war. He settled in Toronto and worked with his family at a new coffee shop there.
Frederica de Laguna
Frederica de Laguna, an ethnologist, archaeologist and expert on Alaska's native peoples, died of heart disease Oct. 6 at her home in Bryn Mawr, Pa., three days after her 98th birthday.
Dr. de Laguna had just finished editing a book on the Eyak Indians of Prince William Sound and had prepared her epic work on the Tlingits of Yakutat, "Under Mount St. Elias" (1972), for reprinting.
In 1975, she and Margaret Mead were the first women elected to the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. de Laguna was later its president, and president of the American Anthropological Association. She taught anthropology at Bryn Mawr College from 1938 to 1975. She wrote scholarly books as well as two mass-market mysteries. A documentary film about her life, "Reunion Under Mount Saint Elias," was made in 1997.