David Shulman

Lexicographer, Cryptographer

David Shulman, who sought the obscure origins of thousands of words and contributed them to the Oxford English Dictionary, died Oct. 30 in Brooklyn, N.Y. He was 91.

Mr. Shulman was credited with finding the beginnings of the usage of terms like "The Great White Way," "Big Apple," "doozy," "hoochie-coochie" and "hot dog."

During World War II, he served in the Army, cracking secret Japanese codes.

He helped found the American Cryptogram Association and published "An Annotated Bibliography of Cryptography," which is still used by experts.

During his lifetime, he contributed volumes to the New York Public Library, which he considered a second home. He also gave 20,000 century-old postcards and other possessions to the library.

Virginia Muise


Virginia Muise, believed the oldest resident of New England and the 31st-oldest person in the world, who was an avid fan of the Boston Red Sox, died Nov. 2 at a nursing home in North Haverhill, N.H. She was 111. No specific medical cause of death was reported.

Her regional and worldwide ranking in longevity has been verified by the Los Angeles-based Gerontology Research Group, which tracks "super-centenarians," or those over 110. Mrs. Muise had lost her hearing and normally used a wheelchair because of arthritis, but could still walk short distances.

She always kept a Red Sox cap on the nightstand by her bed and was delighted by the baseball team's recent World Series victory -- its first since 1918.

She saw Titantic survivors disembark on the dock of her home town, Halifax, Nova Scotia. Her husband, Charles, was a blacksmith who died at 94 in 1977. A housekeeper and cook in Canada, Mrs. Muise in 1923 became manager of the cafeteria at the former Boston Lying-In Hospital, a position she held until her retirement in 1958.