For the Record

Here's how some major bills fared recently in Congress, and how local congressional members voted, as provided by Thomas Voting Reports. NV means Not Voting.

House Votes

TRADE DISPUTE

For: 86 / Against: 338

The House defeated a measure (HJ Res 27) to withdraw the United States from the 10-year-old World Trade Organization, which enforces trade agreements among its 148 signatory countries.

Critics say the organization causes U.S. workers to lose jobs, fuels record trade deficits and impinges on U.S. sovereignty. Supporters say WTO-backed treaties allow U.S. businesses and farmers to enter lucrative worldwide markets they otherwise would not reach.

A yes vote was to remove the United States from the WTO.

MARYLAND

Y

N

NV

Bartlett (R)

*

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Cardin (D)

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*

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Cummings (D)

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*

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Gilchrest (R)

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*

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Hoyer (D)

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*

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Ruppersberger (D)

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*

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Van Hollen (D)

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*

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Wynn (D)

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*

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VIRGINIA

Y

N

NV

Cantor (R)

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*

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J. Davis (R)

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*

T. Davis (R)

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*

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Moran (D)

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*

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Wolf (R)

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*

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LABELING ON MEAT

For: 187 / Against: 240

The House refused to expedite country-of-origin labeling on meat sold in the United States. The amendment sought to require the labeling to begin by October 2006. The underlying agriculture bill (HR 2744) would delay it until at least October 2007. Under the 2002 farm bill, mandatory labeling was to have begun last year. The labeling is backed by consumer interests and many beef producers but opposed by groups such as meat packers.

A yes vote was to speed the start of country-of-origin meat labeling.

MARYLAND

Y

N

NV

Bartlett (R)

*

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Cardin (D)

*

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Cummings (D)

*

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Gilchrest (R)

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*

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Hoyer (D)

*

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Ruppersberger (D)

*

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Van Hollen (D)

*

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Wynn (D)

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*

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VIRGINIA

Y

N

NV

Cantor (R)

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*

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J. Davis (R)

*

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T. Davis (R)

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*

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Moran (D)

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*

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Wolf (R)

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*

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MEDICAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

For: 218 / Against: 210

The House voted to prohibit outside experts with financial conflicts of interest from sitting on panels that advise the Food and Drug Administration on the safety of drugs and medical devices. The ban was added to HR 2744 (above). Supporters called it wrong for scientists to judge the safety of products such as silicon breast implants and Cox-2 inhibitors when they have financial ties to the products' manufacturers. Opponents said the FDA's need for access to a limited pool of experts in specific disciplines usually outweighs any harm to public safety from real or imagined conflicts of interest.

A yes vote was to prohibit conflict-of-interest waivers.

MARYLAND

Y

N

NV

Bartlett (R)

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*

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Cardin (D)

*

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Cummings (D)

*

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Gilchrest (R)

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*

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Hoyer (D)

*

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Ruppersberger (D)

*

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Van Hollen (D)

*

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Wynn (D)

*

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VIRGINIA

Y

N

NV

Cantor (R)

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*

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J. Davis (R)

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*

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T. Davis (R)

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*

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Moran (D)

*

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Wolf (R)

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*

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ETHICS COMMITTEE DISPUTE

For: 219 / Against: 199

On a party-line vote, Republicans blocked a Democratic motion about staff hiring at the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct.

Democrats called upon the ethics committee to obey a long-standing rule that requires bipartisan agreement on staff appointments. The panel's new chairman, Doc Hastings (R-Wash.), cites a rule allowing him to unilaterally appoint his key aide, who then would help run the committee. The upshot of this vote was to leave the panel gridlocked at a time when several ethics issues involving members await its action. The committee has met one day this year.

The privileged motion (HR 310) was not debatable.

A yes vote was to kill the Democratic motion.

MARYLAND

Y

N

NV

Bartlett (R)

*

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Cardin (D)

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*

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Cummings (D)

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*

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Gilchrest (R)

*

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Hoyer (D)

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*

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Ruppersberger (D)

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*

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Van Hollen (D)

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*

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Wynn (D)

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*

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VIRGINIA

Y

N

NV

Cantor (R)

*

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J. Davis (R)

*

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T. Davis (R)

*

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Moran (D)

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*

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Wolf (R)

*

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Senate Votes

JUDGE JANICE ROGERS BROWN

For: 56 / Against: 43

Senators voted to confirm Janice Rogers Brown as a judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. Brown, 56, has been a California Supreme Court justice. Republicans praised Brown as a mainstream conservative who upholds the Constitution. Democrats said she holds far-right views on the role of government that make her a loner even among conservative jurists.

As of June 10, the Senate had confirmed 213 of President Bush's 232 judicial nominees, with 13 nominations pending.

A yes vote was to confirm Brown.

MARYLAND

Y

N

NV

Mikulski (D)

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*

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Sarbanes (D)

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*

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VIRGINIA

Y

N

NV

Allen (R)

*

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Warner (R)

*

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JUDGE WILLIAM H. PRYOR JR.

For: 53 / Against: 45

The Senate confirmed William H. Pryor Jr., 43, as a judge on the 11th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals in Atlanta. Supporters praised Pryor as a principled and independent conservative; opponents said religious zeal and extreme ideology dominate his view of the law.

A yes vote was to confirm Pryor.

MARYLAND

Y

N

NV

Mikulski (D)

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*

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Sarbanes (D)

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*

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VIRGINIA

Y

N

NV

Allen (R)

*

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Warner (R)

*

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