The June 18 obituary of Vasco Goncalves, a fomer Portuguese prime minister, incorrectly listed Guinea as a onetime Portuguese colony. Guinea was a French colony; Guinea-Bissau was a Portuguese colony. (Published 7/7/2005)
Lane Smith, 69, a longtime character actor who played a hockey coach in the hit film "The Mighty Ducks," a politician in Eddie Murphy's "The Distinguished Gentleman" and a lawyer in "My Cousin Vinny," all released in 1992, died June 13 at his home in Los Angeles. He had amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also called Lou Gehrig's disease.
Mr. Smith played President Richard M. Nixon in the TV movie "The Final Days" (1989), based on a book by Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein; and Daily Planet editor Perry White in "Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman," which ran on ABC from 1993 to 1997.
He was a Memphis native. His career break came in the late 1960s when he played Randle Patrick McMurphy for 650 off-Broadway performances of "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest." He also appeared in the original stage production of David Mamet's "Glengarry Glen Ross" in 1984.
Dungeons & Dragons Illustrator
David Sutherland, 56, an illustrator whose images helped lead the fantasy role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons to success in the late 1970s and 1980s, died June 6 at his home in Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. He had chronic liver failure.
Mr. Sutherland's illustrations include the famed scene of a dragon, a wizard and a bow-flexing knight on the first D&D boxed set that brought the game into the mainstream. Images on the covers of "Dungeon Masters Guide" and "Advanced Dungeons & Dragons Monster Manual" were his, as well.
Hotel Chain Co-Founder
Ron Tyler, 61, co-founder of the Residence Inn chain of hotels, died June 10, it was reported in Wichita. He had cancer.
He and fellow entrepreneur Jack DeBoer developed Residence Inn, a chain of all-suites hotels designed for long-term stays. The company is owned by Washington-based Marriott Corp.
There are 454 Residence Inn by Marriott locations worldwide, according to Marriott's company Web site.
Publisher of Christian Works
Kenneth Taylor, 88, the founder of a leading Christian publishing house best known for its release of "The Living Bible" (1971), which put Scriptures into simple English and sold millions of copies, died June 10 at his home in Wheaton, Ill. No cause of death was reported.
Mr. Taylor founded Tyndale House Publishers in 1962, naming the company after 16th-century Christian reformer William Tyndale, who was burned at the stake for translating the Bible into English.
Portuguese Prime Minister
Vasco Goncalves, 83, a former prime minister who played a key part in the 1974 April revolution that toppled 30 years of right-wing dictatorship in Portugal, died June 11 after an apparent heart attack, it was reported from Lisbon.
Gen. Goncalves was prime minister of four socialist provisional governments before being ousted by a more moderate wing in late 1975.
As one of the "captains of April," Gen. Goncalves was involved in organizing and carrying out the revolution that ushered in the country's first free elections. Afterward, he was responsible for nationalizing banks and insurance companies.
The April 25, 1974, action also was known as the Revolution of the Carnations for the bloodless manner in which it was carried out, with soldiers handing out red carnations to people and placing the flowers in the barrels of guns and tanks.
The first elections in April 1975, which were won by Gen. Goncalves's Socialists, had a higher turnout than any election since, with 91.7 percent of the 6.2 million registered voters casting ballots. In the months after the revolution, the Portuguese colonies of Mozambique, Guinea, Cape Verde, Sao Tome and Principe, Angola and East Timor were given independence.
Aerobatic Biplane Creator
Curtis Pitts, 89, who created the popular aerobatic biplane known as the Pitts Special, died June 10 at a hospital in Miami. He had complications from a heart-valve replacement.
In 1943, Mr. Pitts built the first Pitts Special -- described by the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum as "revolutionary because of its small size, light weight, short wingspan, and extreme agility." Each part of the plane can be broken down and shipped in pieces as a kit, allowing it to be reassembled at home by the owner.
The museum said the Pitts Special is still the most successful and recognized American-built aerobatic design, and it continues to dominate aerobatic competitions.
Bulgarian Opera Singer
Ghena Dimitrova, 64, the Bulgarian soprano who sang opera to international acclaim for four decades, died June 11 in a hospital in Milan. No cause of death was reported.
Ms. Dimitrova studied voice at the Sofia Music Academy and made her professional debut in 1965 as a soprano at Sofia's National Opera. In subsequent years, she performed at Milan's La Scala, the Vienna State Opera, the Paris Opera, Berlin's State Opera, London's Covent Garden and New York's Metropolitan Opera.
When Ms. Dimitrova first appeared at the Metropolitan Opera in 1987, it was in the title role of Puccini's "Turandot," a part that requires tremendous vocal power and high notes that can cut through the heavy orchestration. One of the highlights of her career was her appearance as Abigaille in Giuseppe Verdi's "Nabucco."
Morris Cohen, 93, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology metallurgist who helped develop the modern fields of materials science and engineering that led to processing high-strength steel, died May 27 at his home in Swampscott, Mass. No cause of death was reported.
A specialist in how such materials as iron are processed, Dr. Cohen received the National Medal of Science in 1977 and the Kyoto Prize for advanced technology in 1987. He did much to define his discipline with his influential report "Materials and Man's Needs," written for the National Academy of Science. He also wrote on physical metallurgy, strengthening behavior of materials and mechanical behavior of metals.
He taught at MIT from 1936 until long after his official retirement in 1987. He also maintained a close relationship with science and defense programs of the federal government. During World War II, he was associate director of MIT's section of the Manhattan Project, which developed the atomic bomb. He also served as official investigator for the federal Office of Scientific Research and Development.