* The NAACP was formed in response to a lynching. The organization B'nai B'rith created the Anti-Defamation League in reaction to a murder case that led to the lynching of a Jewish man.

* At the turn of the 20th century, at least 100 lynchings were being reported each year. In 1892, a record 230 people were reported lynched, including 160 blacks.

* An anti-lynching bill was first proposed in Congress in 1900 by U.S. Rep. George White (R-N.C.), an African American.

* The only time the U.S. Supreme Court has tried a criminal case of any kind was a contempt trial against several men who lynched a black man after the high court had stayed his death sentence.

* Nearly 200 pieces of anti-lynching legislation were introduced in Congress from 1900 to 1950.

* Seven U.S. presidents unsuccessfully petitioned Congress to make lynching a federal offense between 1890 and 1952.

* From 1887 to 1903, the State Department paid almost $500,000 to foreign governments whose citizens had been lynched after moving to the United States.

* Seventeen percent of the black men lynched between 1889 and 1941 were accused of rape or attempted rape.

* Lynchings were among the factors that led 260,000 blacks -- 22 percent of Georgia's African American population -- to leave the state between 1920 and 1930.

* In 1937-38, senators filibustered for six weeks to block a vote on federal anti-lynching legislation. Senators arguing against the legislation claimed that such laws would put white women at risk of being attacked frequently by black men.

* Georgia became the first state in the nation to pass an anti-lynching law, in 1893. No white man was ever convicted of lynching a black man in any state.

SOURCE: Senate Resolution 39, Committee for a Formal Apology

Mark Twain once called the nation "The United States of Lyncherdom."

Time magazine selected "Strange Fruit," Billie Holiday's 1939 song about lynching, as the best song of the 20th century, and the British magazine Q listed it as one of 100 songs that changed the world.