Arlam Carr Sr.

Civil Rights Activist

Arlam Carr Sr., 95, a civil rights activist who helped desegregate schools in Montgomery, Ala., and continued registering voters into his nineties, died July 13 at a hospital in Montgomery. He had cancer.

He was married for 61 years to civil rights leader Johnnie Carr, who is president of the Montgomery Improvement Association. Their suit in 1964, on behalf of their son, Arlam Jr., eventually led to the desegregation of the Montgomery County school system in Alabama.

Their son was one of only 13 black students at Sidney Lanier High School when he began attending it.

Mohi Sobhani

Hostage in Iran

Mohi Sobhani, 70, who was among a group of hostages held at the U.S. Embassy in Iran more than 25 years ago, died July 13 at a hospital in Los Angeles. He had a heart ailment.

Mr. Sobhani, an Iranian-American who worked for Hughes Aircraft and had lived in the United States since 1955, had planned to leave Iran in 1979 when he was taken off a plane and held against his will. He joined a group of more than 60 other hostages who had been taken by Iranians. While most were freed during President Ronald Reagan's inauguration ceremony Jan. 20, 1981, Mr. Sobhani was freed in February of that year.

To pass time in captivity, Sobhani would get up in the middle of the night and meditate.

Paul Talbot

Television Executive

Paul Talbot, 86, a television executive who exported American culture to the world through such programs as "Romper Room" and "Baywatch," died July 6 at his home on Cape Cod. No cause of death was reported.

Mr. Talbot helped pioneer the sale of American programs in foreign markets. In the 1960s, he turned the televised preschool classroom "Romper Room" into an international franchise. His greatest success was the lifeguard adventure show "Baywatch," which he distributed in 144 countries.

Born in New York, Mr. Talbot studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. After Army service during World War II, he wrote radio scripts for such shows as "Superman" and "Batman." He later bought the foreign rights to the shows and began selling them abroad for local production.

In 1952, he created the Fremantle Corp. to distribute American programs worldwide. Among the shows he sold were "Biography," "Hopalong Cassidy," "The Galloping Gourmet," "The Price Is Right" and "All My Children."

Bertram Given

Garbage Disposal Developer

Bertram F. "Bert" Given, 88, who developed the Waste King garbage disposal six decades ago and later became active in charitable causes, died July 7 in Ashland, Ore. He had a heart ailment.

Attuned to what women wanted in the kitchens of the new houses proliferating during the postwar boom in Southern California, he began working on a way to get rid of garbage. He came up with the Waste King garbage disposal, one of the first appliances of its kind, and in 1946 established a manufacturing company to build them.

He sold his company in 1968 and later worked in investments.

Richard A. Freytag

Banker, Air Force Reserve Officer

Richard A. Freytag, 71, a retired Citicorp Inc. banker and major general in the Air Force Reserve, died of a brain tumor July 4 at his home in Wilmington, Del.

Mr. Freytag was a director of the National Defense University Foundation in Washington for six years beginning in 1987, and then he became its chairman. He was on the board of visitors at the National Defense University and was awarded the Defense Department's Medal for Distinguished Public Service.

In his 34 years with Citicorp, he went to Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Vietnam, China and many other Asian countries. He returned to New York in 1976 to head the company's investor relations department. In 1984, he became president and chief executive of the holding company for Citicorp's domestic non-banking subsidiaries. He retired in 1996.

Francesco di Castri

Ecologist, UNESCO Official

Francesco di Castri, 74, an ecologist, former deputy director of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and former president of the World Science Institute, died July 6 in Nimes, France. No cause of death was reported.

Dr. di Castri was the founding director of UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme, considered one of UNESCO's principal contributions in promoting international cooperation on environmental issues. He also was the director of the French CNRS Centre for Functional and Evolutionary Ecology, worked as a university professor in Santiago, Chile, and became an expert on the moai statues of Easter Island.

With Michel Batisse, he nurtured the birth and development of the biosphere reserve concept and the designation of the early biosphere reserves.

A prolific writer with more than 20 books and 350 articles to his credit, Dr. di Castri's work addressed such matters as quantitative soil biology, the convergence of Mediterranean ecosystems and the structure of animal communities from the tropics to Antarctica.

W. Pauline Nicholson

Elvis Presley's Cook

W. Pauline Nicholson, 76, one of Elvis Presley's cooks, who along with Mary Langston prepared the musician's favorite peanut butter and fried banana sandwiches, died of cancer July 7 at Baptist Memorial Hospital-Memphis.

Mrs. Nicholson also worked as Presley's housekeeper and sometimes looked after a young Lisa Marie Presley. She continued cooking for the family after Elvis died, including last Christmas, when Lisa Marie and her mother, Priscilla, came to Memphis and requested that Mrs. Nicholson cook for them.

Mrs. Nicholson was featured in the movie "This is Elvis," and loved to talk about her time with the musician, whom she called Mr. P.

Arlam Carr Sr., shown with wife Johnnie Carr in 1998, helped desegregate Montgomery, Ala.