Lynching's Impact

* The NAACP was formed in response to a lynching. The organization B'nai B'rith created the Anti-Defamation League in reaction to a murder case that led to the lynching of a Jewish man.

* At the turn of the 20th century, at least 100 lynchings were being reported each year. In 1892, a record 230 people were reported lynched, including 160 blacks.

* An anti-lynching bill was first proposed in Congress in 1900 by U.S. Rep. George White (R-N.C.), an African American.

* The only time the U.S. Supreme Court has tried a criminal case of any kind was a contempt trial against several men who lynched a black man after the high court had stayed his death sentence.

* Nearly 200 pieces of anti-lynching legislation were introduced in Congress from 1900 to 1950.

* Seven U.S. presidents unsuccessfully petitioned Congress to make lynching a federal offense between 1890 and 1952.

* From 1887 to 1903, the State Department paid almost $500,000 to foreign governments whose citizens had been lynched after moving to the United States.

* Seventeen percent of the black men lynched between 1889 and 1941 were accused of rape or attempted rape.

* Lynchings were among the factors that led 260,000 blacks -- 22 percent of Georgia's African American population -- to leave the state between 1920 and 1930.

* In 1937-38, senators filibustered for six weeks to block a vote on federal anti-lynching legislation. Senators arguing against the legislation claimed that such laws would put white women at risk of being attacked by black men.

* Georgia became the first state in the nation to pass an anti-lynching law, in 1893. No white man was ever convicted of lynching a black man in any state.

SOURCE: Senate Resolution 39, Committee for a Formal Apology

Mark Twain once called the nation "The United States of Lyncherdom."