George D. Wallace
Stage and Film Actor
George D. Wallace, 88, a versatile actor whose career ranged from starring as Commando Cody in the 1952 low-budget film serial "Radar Men From the Moon" to playing leading roles in Broadway musicals, died July 22 at a hospital in Los Angeles. He had fallen during a vacation in Pisa, Italy.
Mr. Wallace played character parts in about 80 films, including "Submarine Command," "Lifeguard," "Nurse Betty" and "Minority Report." He also made more than 125 TV guest appearances on such shows as "Hopalong Cassidy" and "Four Star Playhouse" to "Buffy the Vampire Slayer" and "Joan of Arcadia."
Mr. Wallace, a baritone, was tending bar in Hollywood in the late 1940s when gossip columnist Jimmie Fidler discovered him singing for tips and helped launch his career.
The actor replaced John Raitt in "The Pajama Game" and also played the male lead opposite Gwen Verdon in "New Girl in Town," for which he was nominated for a New York Drama Critics' Circle Award. He also played opposite Mary Martin in the Broadway musical "Jennie."
John Herald, 65, a noted bluegrass musician who recorded with Linda Ronstadt and Bonnie Raitt, died July 18 at his home in West Hurley, N.Y., apparently in a suicide, according to the New York Times.
Mr. Herald was best known as a guitarist and lead vocalist for the Greenbriar Boys, who were at the forefront of the early 1960s folk scene in Greenwich Village. The band toured with Joan Baez, and Mr. Herald's song "Stewball" was recorded by Peter, Paul and Mary.
In an interview with the BBC five years ago, Mr. Herald said he was inspired to sing when he met folk musician Pete Seeger at a summer camp in 1954.
Children's Book Author
Catherine Woolley, 100, who wrote 87 children's books under her name and the pen name Jane Thayer, died July 23 at her home in Truro, Mass., on Cape Cod. No cause of death was reported.
For older children, Ms. Woolley used her real name on such books as the "Ginnie and Geneva" series about the adventures of two girls. She used her grandmother's name on the many picture books she wrote for younger readers.
Her first book, "I Like Trains," was published in 1944; her last, "Writing for Children," came out in 1989.
Ms. Woolley, who did not have children, drew on her experiences and world travels for her writings.
Chemist on Manhattan Project
Ray Crist, 105, a chemist who helped produce the atomic bomb as a member of the Manhattan Project and later became an environmental scientist, died July 25 at a nursing home in Carlisle, Pa., after a stroke.
Dr. Crist was a chemistry teacher and researcher at Columbia University when, in 1941, he joined the Manhattan Project, the code name for the U.S. World War II effort to develop an atomic bomb. He worked with other scientists to separate the uranium isotopes needed to help detonate the bomb.
In 1946, he left Columbia to be a researcher for Union Carbide Corp. He later taught at Dickinson College and Messiah College in Pennsylvania, where he concentrated on research on bioremediation, a process of removing metal contaminants from water and soil using plant material.
Iranian Government Official
Ebrahim Homayounfar, 94, a former high-ranking Iranian government official who oversaw the nationalization of the country's oil fields, died July 12 in Evian-les-Bains, France, where he lived. He had Parkinson's disease.
In 1951, Mr. Homayounfar was named general manager of Iran's oil industry and supervised the transition of oil fields and refineries from foreign to Iranian control. He held other key governmental positions in commerce and finance and was deputy prime minister of the country from 1963 to 1965.
He was governor general of the provinces of Azerbaijan and Isfahan. He wrote several books on petroleum and globalization and had lived in France since 1979.