Keeping the beat amid staccato flourishes, the praise-band drummer in Spring Creek Church's sanctuary was a metaphor in motion last Sunday as hundreds of worshipers followed lyrics on large, wall-mounted video screens.
Miles from its geographic roots, the Pewaukee, Wis., church has evolved far beyond pump-organ hymns and strait-laced formalities. But its Bible-based beliefs have remained as steady as a metronome since it was founded in 1881 as Garfield Avenue Baptist Church in Milwaukee.
The church's name has changed along the way -- part of a continuing national trend in which denominational identities are eliminated or played down to create broader appeal in an era in which people church shop.
"Baptist" is gone, but Spring Creek still has "church" in its name.
The latest trend among churches trying to draw people who want something different or who have never attended church is to adopt a catchy, nonchurch name. As of May 1, for example, First Assembly of God in the San Francisco Bay area became simply Harbor Light.
Emerging churches -- more intimate faith communities reaching out beyond baby boomers to those of Generations X and Y -- are using names such as Three Nails in Pittsburgh and the Landing Place in Columbus, Ohio, said Eddie Gibbs, professor of church growth at Fuller Theological Seminary in Pasadena, Calif.
"I think what we are seeing is the detribalizing of Protestantism, in that if you have a large external constituency, which would identify culturally or historically with a particular denomination, then obviously it's a plus factor to have that identification," Gibbs said. "But [that changes] when the community becomes increasingly diversified.
"Probably after Vietnam and Watergate, there was an increasing distrust of institutions, so that Jesus was still in, but the institutional church was no longer an attraction. So, I think that the dropping of the denominational label is to become more generic, less of a threat, less of a reminder of negative stereotypes if you've walked away from church."
The trend accelerated when large numbers of baby boomers who had left churches began returning in the 1980s, but the process continues today, said Gibbs, who is co-author of a book on emerging churches to be published later this year.
Spring Creek Church first dropped "Avenue" from its name when it moved to a new location in 1964, becoming Garfield Baptist Church. When inadequate parking and cramped quarters prompted another move in 1997, "Baptist" and "Garfield" were dropped.
"The primary reason for the name change was, we relocated to a new place, and Garfield does not relate in any way, shape or form to this community," said Senior Pastor Chip Bernhard, who has a master of divinity degree from Grand Rapids Theological Seminary in Michigan.
"Spring Creek is our northern boundary. It is a little creek, but it's on the map. Our second reason was we no longer wanted to be a church where only Baptists could come. We like to say we are a church that anyone can attend that teaches and follows the Bible. We take the Bible seriously here," he said.
That attracted Rani Hershberger, 43, a mother of three, who began attending a women's Bible study group at the church nearly five years ago. Hershberger, who has a nondenominational background, was new to the area at the time.
Asked why she and her family joined, she said, "The friendly people, and that they really stick to what the Bible says."
Eric Debelack, 46, and his wife, Lisa, 42, gave a similar response. Then practicing Catholics, they attended a Spring Creek service at the invitation of a friend five years ago and stayed. They and others mentioned things such as warmth, love, Bible-based truths, Bible study groups, life-skills classes and a variety of other faith-based educational, recreational and cultural activities.
"As soon as you came in, you heard the message," Eric Debelack said. "You knew that the pastor was speaking to you directly. His message was powerful. The music was inspirational."
Spring Creek draws a total of about 1,150 people to two Sunday morning worship services.
Even in its early years, the church was an independent Baptist congregation. Its Baptist origins are reflected today in historic displays at the church and in the teaching of historic Baptist beliefs that include such things as Biblical authority, creationism, baptism by immersion and a responsibility to reach out to people who do not attend church.
Church members don't identify themselves as evangelicals. But the church's teachings are in line with general evangelical characteristics, and the church could be considered evangelical, Bernhard said.
The church's contemporary music and audiovisual equipment are a far cry from what lifelong member Stacey Gresbach, 31, grew up with at the church's second site in Wauwatosa, Wis.
"The biblical principles are the same," she said. "Our church doctrine is the same. The preaching is the same. It's from the word of God. Really, all that has changed, I guess, has been the presentation."
Jackie Sears is given a healing prayer by Tammy Grist and Marie Varella at Harbor Light in Fremont, Calif. The church recently changed its name from First Assembly of God.