Stanley K. Hathaway

Wyoming Governor

Stanley K. Hathaway, 81, a former Wyoming governor who spearheaded the creation of a trust fund to harness the state's mineral wealth and established the state's first environmental restraints on mineral development, died Oct. 4 at his home in Cheyenne, Wyo. No cause of death was reported.

From 1967 to 1975, Mr. Hathaway, a Republican, served two terms as governor. He enacted the state's first severance tax on minerals mined and pumped from Wyoming and created a permanent trust fund where severance tax revenue was invested and earned enough to run a major portion of the state's government operations today.

President Gerald R. Ford appointed Mr. Hathaway as secretary of the interior in June 1975, but he resigned the next month because of poor health. Mr. Hathaway moved to Cheyenne and resumed his law practice.

Paul Pena

Guitarist, Throat Singer

Paul Pena, 55, a San Francisco blues guitarist who wrote one of the Steve Miller Band's biggest hits, died Oct. 1 at his home in San Francisco. He had complications of diabetes and pancreatitis.

Mr. Pena was known for writing "Jet Airliner," a Top 10 hit in 1977. He also was familiar to audiences for the 1999 Academy Award-nominated documentary, "Genghis Blues," which tells the story of how he took up Tuvan throat singing.

Mr. Pena, who was almost completely blind since birth and suffered from illnesses most of his life, proved to be a natural musician, singing and teaching himself several instruments. In the late 1960s, he was in a band that opened for big-time acts including the Grateful Dead and Frank Zappa. Blues artists ranging from T-Bone Walker to B.B. King to Bonnie Raitt recognized his talents and hired him to play guitar in their bands.

In 1971, Mr. Pena moved to San Francisco, where he frequently opened for Jerry Garcia's and Merle Saunders's bands.

Lady Abbess Benedict Duss

Abbey Co-Founder

Lady Abbess Benedict Duss, 94, co-founder of the Abbey of Regina Laudis in Bethlehem, Conn., the first cloistered Benedictine monastery for women in the United States, died Oct. 2 at the abbey. No cause of death was reported.

Born Vera Duss in Pittsburgh, she graduated from the University of Paris-Sorbonne in 1936 with a degree in medicine and entered the Benedictine Abbey of Notre Dame de Jouarre near Paris. She received the name Sister Benedict at that time and became the community's physician.

After World War II, she sailed with another sister to New York, and together they started the contemplative Benedictine community for women. They caught the attention of writer Clare Booth Luce, who shared the screenwriting credit for the 1949 movie version of the monastery's beginnings, "Come to the Stable," with Loretta Young and Celeste Holm.

The abbey attracted attention again in the early 1960s when Hollywood starlet Dolores Hart met with Lady Abbess Benedict and later entered the community.

The abbey offered a number of community-outreach programs, some of which were well received. However, there were complaints from former associates of the abbey, which led to a Vatican investigation that began in 1994.

There were charges that Lady Abbess Benedict and the abbey's spiritual adviser, the Rev. Francis A. Prokes, imposed a cultlike discipline on the nuns and laity associated with the abbey.

After a three-year investigation, Lady Abbess Benedict was told to step down from her position as head of the monastery in 1998. The nuns appealed the decision but were not successful. The community now includes 37 nuns.

Lady Abbess Benedict Duss died Oct. 2. She was 94.