Andress Taylor, 68, a professor of English and literature who was a guiding force in the development of Federal City College, a predecessor to the University of the District of Columbia, died Nov. 4 at his home in Washington. He had diabetes.

Dr. Taylor had taught at several historically black colleges before accepting a faculty position with Federal City College in its inaugural year, 1968.

In addition to his teaching duties, Dr. Taylor was given the responsibility of making sure the institution met its requirements as the country's first urban land grant college.

One of those requirements was the creation of a community education program, which Dr. Taylor fashioned as an outreach effort for the city's poor and undereducated.

As the college's director of experimental programs, Dr. Taylor pushed for the development and funding of a number of social action projects, including one that provided accredited courses to inmates at the District's detention facility at Lorton. The project became a model program across the country.

Other programs included the Institute of Gerontology for black senior citizens and an upward mobility project geared mainly toward nonprofessional government employees.

As a scholar, Dr. Taylor exerted influence in the classroom both as a researcher on the black experience in the arts and as a mentor to hundreds of students.

He wrote about "blacksploitation" in film, lectured frequently at the Black Film Institute, the predecessor of the D.C. Commission on the Arts and Humanities, and was a contributing editor to the 1988 book "Living With Heroin," a series of interviews with people with drug addictions.

Dr. Taylor was born in Fountain, N.C., graduated from N.C. Central University in Durham and received a doctorate in British literature from the University of Pennsylvania in 1963. While a graduate student, he served as a regional coordinator of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee for Pennsylvania.

In that position, he was involved in recruitment, organization and outreach in the Philadelphia area, as well as voter registration in Albany, Ga.

Early in his career, he taught at Albany State College, Virginia State College and Howard University.

In 1977, Federal City College combined with D.C. Teachers College and Washington Technical Institute to form UDC, from which he retired in June.

His marriages to Gloria Taylor and Evelyn Taylor ended in divorce.

Survivors include his wife of 12 years, Eileen Crawford Taylor of Washington; a daughter from his second marriage, Kaya Leigh Taylor of Washington; a son from a previous relationship, Anthony Flanagan of Durham; and six grandchildren.