Anna Williamson Bowman

Businesswoman, Volunteer

Anna Williamson Bowman, 95, a Washington resident and community volunteer who assisted her husband with a sales business, died Nov. 20 at Howard University Hospital after a heart attack. She had dementia for the past decade.

Mrs. Bowman was initially a teacher in her native Campbell County, in south-central Virginia. Starting her career in the racially segregated 1930s, she taught at rural, one-room schools for black children.

She married Robert E. Bowman in 1941 and they settled in Washington a decade later. Until her husband's death in 1982, she was his executive assistant at Bowman Enterprises. They were agents for various mail order companies and sold products that included shoes, suits, business cards and calendars.

Mrs. Bowman was born on a family farm near Rustburg, a Campbell County town south of Lynchburg. She was a 1930 graduate of what is now St. Paul's College in Lawrenceville, Va.

At Israel Baptist Church in the District, she taught adult Sunday school from the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s. She also did volunteer work with the church's vacation Bible school program. She was among 10 women honored by the church in 1992 for their service.

She also did volunteer work with Meals on Wheels at Purity Baptist Church in Washington and with the D.C. Board of Elections on election days.

Survivors include two daughters, LaBarbara "Bobbi" Bowman of McLean and Joy Peck of South Orange, N.J.; and two granddaughters.

Robert Chester Ashley

Retired Airline Pilot

Robert Chester Ashley, 78, who retired as a captain with United Airlines in 1987, died Nov. 11 of pancreatic cancer at his home in Upper Marlboro.

In 1955, Mr. Ashley joined Capital Airlines, which later merged with United Airlines.

He developed a love for flying as a boy in his native Louisville, where he cleaned airplanes at his uncle's airport. He had learned to fly by age 12.

In 1942 at 14, Mr. Ashley lied about his age and joined the Navy. He served as an enlisted pilot, flying PBYs in the Pacific until his discharge in 1945. He reenlisted during the Korean War and was stationed at Patuxent River Naval Air Station until 1952. For about two years, he worked at the National Archives.

He lived in the Washington area for about 56 years. He was a member of the American Legion in Mayo, the Fleet Reserve Association in Annapolis and the Coast Guard Auxiliary. He was past commodore of West River Yacht Club in Mayo.

Mr. Ashley was a ham radio operator and enjoyed boating and flying.

In retirement, he devoted his time to taking care of and neutering stray and feral cats. More recently, he had three indoor cats and one stray that refused to come inside.

Survivors include his wife of 55 years, Eleanor Ashley of Upper Marlboro; three children, Bryan Ashley of Fremont, Calif., Robert C. Ashley Jr. of Brandywine and Douglas J. Ashley of Sisters, Ore.; two sisters; and eight grandchildren.

Bernard Arret

Microbiologist

Bernard Arret, 85, a retired microbiologist with the Food and Drug Administration and former civic leader in Adelphi, died Nov. 10 at Northwest Medical Center in Coral Springs, Fla., after vascular surgery. He had diabetes.

Mr. Arret, who also was a dance instructor and bridge league director, lived in the Washington area for 53 years before moving to Florida in the early 1990s. He lived in Coconut Creek.

He was born in the Bronx, N.Y., and graduated from City College of New York at 19 with a degree in chemistry. A year later, in 1939, he moved to Washington to work for the Panama Canal Commission. He married in late 1941, shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor and just before he enlisted in the Navy.

He spent the early part of his military service at the Naval Medical School in Bethesda. Later in the war, he was assigned to San Francisco, Panama and the Pacific, where he took part in the Palau Islands invasion and then did research in tropical medicine.

After the war, he worked for Squibb Pharmaceuticals as a specialist in antibiotics, and in 1949, he began working for the FDA in its burgeoning antibiotics division. He conducted research and wrote scientific articles. In 1955, he received a master's degree in epidemiology from George Washington University.

Mr. Arret retired in 1978 as deputy director of the FDA's antibiotics division.

Mr. Arret helped establish and became the first president of the Adelphi Civic Association and was a founding member and first president of the Adelphi Swimming Pool.

He and his wife, Jean, enjoyed Latin dancing and taught twice-weekly dance lessons in their home and at churches in the 1960s. Later, they developed their skills as bridge players, both becoming duplicate bridge life masters.

Mr. Arret became chief director of the Washington Bridge League and directed bridge tournaments along the East Coast throughout his retirement here and in Florida.

A son, Bruce Arret, died in 1972.

Besides his wife, of Coconut Creek, survivors include two daughters, Marcia Van Horn of Beltsville and Linda Arret of Chevy Chase.

Donald Roger Baker

Commerce Official

Donald Roger Baker, 84, a retired Commerce Department official, died of cancer Oct. 28 at Montgomery General Hospital. He was a 35-year resident of Spencerville before recently moving to Silver Spring.

Mr. Baker worked for the federal government from 1946 to 1979, primarily at the Department of Commerce. When he retired, he was the Secretary of Commerce's representative to the department's Water Resources Council.

He was born in Kansas City, Kan., and served in the Army Air Forces in the Pacific during World War II. After the war, he graduated from the University of Kansas and earned a master's degree in science at Stanford University in 1968.

In retirement, he enjoyed world travel, computer programming and visiting relatives. He was a member of St. Luke Lutheran Church in Silver Spring.

Survivors include his wife of 62 years, Virginia Ruth Baker of Silver Spring; four children, Connie Peters of Silver Spring, Roger Baker of Atlanta, Greg Baker of Elkton and David Baker of Silver Spring; 15 grandchildren; and 11 great-grandchildren.

Gerald Tape

Physicist

Gerald Tape, 89, a physicist who served as the U.S. representative to the International Atomic Energy Agency from 1973 until his retirement in 1980, died Nov. 20 at the Maple Park Place Senior Living facility in Bethesda. He had Parkinson's disease.

During his tenure at IAEA, where he carried the rank of ambassador, Dr. Tape lived in Bethesda but traveled every three months to the organization's board meetings in Vienna.

Before his appointment to the IAEA by President Richard M. Nixon in 1973, Dr. Tape spent about six years each as a commissioner to the Atomic Energy Commission and head of Associated Universities Inc., which manages laboratories across the country.

Born in Ann Arbor, Mich., Dr. Tape graduated from Eastern Michigan University and received a master's degree (1937) and doctorate (1940) in physics from the University of Michigan.

He taught physics at Cornell University and the University of Illinois. During World War II, he worked on developing radar technology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Radiation Laboratory.

In the 1950s, he served as deputy director of the Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island.

He served on the President's Science Advisory Committee and chaired the CIA's Nuclear Intelligence Panel.

He received the Energy Department's Fermi Award for distinguished career, the Defense Department's Meritorious Civilian Service award and the National Science Foundation's Distinguished Public Service Award, among others.

He was a former treasurer of the Cosmos Club and a board member of Science Service, which manages high school science fairs and publishes Science News.

Survivors include his wife of 66 years, Josephine Tape of Bethesda; three sons, Walter Tape of Fairbanks, Alaska, James Tape of Santa Fe, N.M., and Thomas Tape of Omaha; six grandsons; and two great-grandchildren.

Frances Christine Heinbaugh

Teacher's Aide

Frances Christine Heinbaugh, 77, a teacher's aide and volunteer coordinator for Montgomery County public schools from 1976 to 1984, died Nov. 17 at her home in Vienna. She had non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Mrs. Heinbaugh was born in Akron, Ohio, and studied dietetics at Akron University. She moved to the Washington area in 1950 with her first husband, Charles Lawrence Duignan.

After his death in 1958, she became a secretary to the chief of naval operations and sold real estate for Fox Realty in Fairfax County.

She remarried in 1960 and later worked for the Montgomery County public school system, mainly at elementary schools in Silver Spring.

Mrs. Heinbaugh, who was known as "Nana" among her friends and family, enjoyed telling humorous stories and preparing large Sunday dinners, which commenced after watching a Washington Redskins football game on television.

Survivors include her husband of 45 years, Jack Stiffler Heinbaugh of Vienna; two children from her first marriage, Terrence James Duignan of Laytonsville and Mary Katherine Huiskamp-Duignan of Naarden, the Netherlands; four daughters from her second marriage, Jacky Lillian Dooly of Germantown, Jenny Lois Heinbaugh of Baltimore, Lisa Frances Daskievige of Charlestown, W.Va., and Christine Louise Farrell of Vienna; two brothers; and 12 grandchildren.

Martin Kriesberg

Development Specialist

Martin Kriesberg, 88, a retired administrator of international programs at the Agriculture Department, died Nov. 12 at his home in Bethesda. He had congestive heart failure.

Dr. Kriesberg spent most of his 35-year career in the federal government working at the Agriculture Department. He focused on economic development and international organization affairs.

As a program administrator, he was said to have stressed the importance of complementing new agricultural technologies with market and infrastructure development as a way to help farmers in poor countries.

He was a U.S. representative to international conferences on combating poverty in the developing world and was a founder of the Society for International Development.

Dr. Kriesberg twice took leave from the Agriculture Department to help establish schools of public administration in Israel and Colombia. He did this under the auspices of the United Nations and Ford Foundation, respectively.

He wrote widely on public administration in developing countries and for many years taught at George Washington University and American University as an adjunct professor of public administration.

After his retirement from the Agriculture Department in 1984, Dr. Kriesberg was hired by the United Nations to prepare reports and evaluations of its food and development programs.

In the 1990s, he served as president of the National Capital Area chapter of the United Nations Association.

Dr. Kriesberg was a Chicago native and a 1941 graduate of Northwestern University. He received a master's degree in political science from George Washington University in 1944 and a doctorate in government from Harvard University in 1947.

Survivors include his wife of 60 years, Harriet M. Kriesberg of Bethesda; five children, Simeon M. Kriesberg of Potomac, Maida K. Lerman of McHenry, Ill., Ellis M. Kriesberg of Bedford, Mass., Caleb M. Kriesberg of Silver Spring and Joshua D. Kriesberg of Seattle; and seven grandchildren.

Paul J. O'Brien

GAO Auditor

Paul J. O'Brien, 67, a retired auditor with the Government Accountability Office, died Nov. 21 at his home in Silver Spring. He had cancer.

Mr. O'Brien worked for the GAO for 35 years until his retirement in 1995. He worked previously as an auditor for a House Appropriations subcommittee.

A native Washingtonian, he graduated from St. John's College High School and the University of Maryland. He was a member of St. Michael's Catholic Church in Silver Spring, where he belonged to the Men's Club and coached Catholic Youth Organization sports. He and his wife were named the archdiocese's CYO coaches of the year in 1990.

Survivors include his wife, Anna Mae O'Brien of Silver Spring; five children, Kevin Patrick O'Brien of Vienna, Karen Marie Craigie of Satellite Beach, Fla., and Paul James O'Brien, Colleen Marie O'Brien and Thomas Gerard O'Brien, all of Silver Spring; two brothers, Thomas J. O'Brien of Springfield and Patrick H. O'Brien of Greenbelt; and five grandchildren.

Victor Eugene Krantz

Museum Photography Chief

Victor Eugene Krantz, 76, former chief of photography at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History, died Nov. 5 at his stepson's home in Massanutten, Va., after a heart attack. He was a Wheaton resident.

Mr. Krantz, who worked at the museum from 1965 to 1993, developed the Krantz thin section, a style of microphotography using 4-by-5-inch film that gives a great depth of field to microsections of specimens, making them easier to study.

Mr. Krantz photographed research at an archaeological site at Tell Jemmeh, Israel, in the 1970s with Gus Van Beek, the museum's curator of archaeology.

Mr. Krantz's photos also appeared on the covers of National Geographic and other magazines. After he retired from the Smithsonian, he continued to volunteer there.

A Chicago native, Mr. Krantz served in the Air Force from 1952 to 1958.

He had an extensive collection of autographed jazz albums and was deeply interested in the history and culture of Native Americans.

His wife, Pauline Krantz, died in 1985.

Survivors include his stepson, Martin Wall of Massanutten; three grandchildren; and three great-granddaughters.

Franz A.P. Frisch

Engineering Management Professor

Franz A.P. Frisch, 86, a professor emeritus of engineering management at the Defense Acquisition University at Fort Belvoir, died Nov. 19 at Rankin Medical Center in Brandon, Miss., after a heart attack.

Dr. Frisch worked for the university, formerly known as the Defense Systems Management College, from 1978 to 1998. He was an expert on the economics of maintaining United States armed forces in Europe.

He worked from 1963 to 1968 at the Center for Naval Analyses in Alexandria as a consultant and scientific adviser to the U.S. Naval Sea Systems Command.

He then taught marine engineering and engineering management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and consulted on shipyard projects in Dubai. He also taught at Virginia Tech and Central Michigan University.

In 1973, Dr. Frisch joined the staff of the Naval Sea Systems Command in Arlington.

A native of Vienna, Austria, Dr. Frisch co-wrote "Condemned to Live: A Panzer Artilleryman's Five-Front War" (1999), his memoirs of his seven years as a German Army soldier during World War II. He spent two years in a U.S. prisoner of war camp after he was captured in Italy in 1945.

He earned a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering in 1950, a master's degree in naval architecture and marine engineering in 1952, and a doctorate of technical sciences in 1971, all from the Technical University of Vienna. In postwar Europe, he was head of the department of shipyard maintenance and planning at a shipyard in Hamburg, Germany.

He and his family immigrated to the United States in 1958 after he delivered two years of expert testimony on European shipbuilding technology and costs before the U.S. Maritime Administration.

Dr. Frisch worked with several naval architecture firms in New York City and Washington on projects primarily for the Maritime Administration and with shipyards and companies in Brazil, Japan and Europe before going to work for the Center for Naval Analyses.

He retired in 1998 to Mississippi from Alexandria.

His wife of 50 years, Gertraud Schriener Frisch, died in 2003.

Survivors include three daughters, Elisabeth M. Brandt of Rancho Murieta, Calif., Inga Estes of Santa Monica, Calif., and B. Veronika Mott of Ridgeland, Miss.; and two grandchildren.

Thomas Cebern Musgrave Jr.

Air Force Major General

Thomas Cebern Musgrave Jr., 92, a retired Air Force major general who flew bombers and was a commander in the Strategic Air Command, died Nov. 14 at his home in Washington. He had emphysema.

The son of an Army colonel, Gen. Musgrave was a native Washingtonian and a 1935 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. He also attended the Air Corps Training School, the Air Force War College and the National War College.

In the Army Air Forces during World War II, he was named commander of a bomb group and participated in Gen. Douglas MacArthur's "island hopping" strategy in the Pacific.

He planned and led aerial operations to bomb oil refineries in Borneo, which was credited with sinking more than 140,000 tons of Japanese merchant vessels and warships.

He joined the Air Force after it was created in 1947. Assigned to the Strategic Air Command in 1952, he assumed command of the 47th Air Division at Walker Air Force Base, N.M., followed by command of the U.S. 7th Air Division in the United Kingdom.

His final active-duty assignment, in 1962, was director of legislative affairs at the Pentagon.

His military decorations included the Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Bronze Star and the Purple Heart.

He worked briefly for the Washington brokerage firm Auchincloss, Parker and Redpath before becoming vice president of Textron Inc., a defense contractor in Washington. He retired again in 1969.

He was a member of the Atlantic Council of the United States, foreign policy research center; the Washington Institute of Foreign Affairs; and the Alibi, Burning Tree, Chevy Chase and Metropolitan clubs.

His wife, Josephine Bennett Musgrave, died in 1999.

Survivors include two children, Thomas C. Musgrave III of San Antonio and Jamie Musgrave Hall of Aspen, Colo.; four grandchildren; and seven great-grandchildren.

BOWMAN