Carroll Campbell Jr., 65, a former governor who helped turn South Carolina into a Republican stronghold and recruited big-name industries, died Dec. 7 at Lexington Medical Center in Columbia, S.C., after a heart attack. He had been admitted to a residential facility to treat Alzheimer's disease last summer, nearly four years after he announced he had the illness.
Mr. Campbell, a native of Greenville, S.C., was a four-term member of Congress before he became governor in 1987 -- only the second Republican governor in the state since Reconstruction. He easily won reelection in 1990; term limits kept him from running again in 1994.
In 1996, he was on Republican presidential nominee Bob Dole's short list for vice president, but Jack Kemp ultimately got the nod.
Mr. Campbell's two terms may be most remembered for the former real estate developer's focus on economic development, capped by luring German automaker BMW to build its first North American manufacturing plant near Greer. He also helped recruit Hoffmann-La Roche and Fuji Photo Film Co.
In 1993, he signed legislation that abolished many state agencies' governing boards, giving the governor power to appoint most department heads. Legislators had elected those governing boards and relinquished that power reluctantly after several years of pressure from the governor.
As governor, Mr. Campbell also welcomed Pope John Paul II to Columbia, saw the first woman elected to the South Carolina Supreme Court and shepherded the state through the aftermath of Hurricane Hugo in 1989. He later was president of the American Council of Life Insurance.
Survivors include his wife, Iris Rhodes Campbell, and two sons.