Lothar-Guenther Buchheim 'Das Boot' AuthorLothar-Guenther Buchheim, 89, the German author and art collector best known for his autobiographical novel "Das Boot," died Feb. 22 of a heart ailment in Berlin.
Mr. Buchheim was acclaimed for his books, including several about his World War II patrol aboard the German submarine U-96 in the Atlantic Ocean in 1941. He crafted that experience into the novel "Das Boot," or "The Boat," which was published in 1973 and carried an underlying antiwar message.
In 1981, the book was turned into an acclaimed German film that detailed the hopelessness of war and its effect on sailors living in the cramped confines of their submarine.
The son of a painter, Mr. Buchheim studied painting in Dresden and Munich before joining the German navy as a reporter during World War II. He took part in submarine operations in the Atlantic and Straits of Gibraltar.
In addition to "Das Boot," he wrote a three-volume nonfiction work that featured more than 5,000 photos he took aboard the U-96.
Fons Rademakers Dutch FilmmakerFons Rademakers, 86, whose 1986 movie "De Aanslag (The Assault)" won an Academy Award for best foreign language film, died Feb. 22 in a Geneva hospital near his home across the French border. He had emphysema.
"De Aanslag," which also won a Golden Globe, told the story of a young boy whose family is killed by Germans during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands because they were wrongly believed to have been involved in the killing of a collaborator.
Rademakers also was known for the 1976 film "Max Havelaar," which told of corruption and exploitation in Indonesia during the era of Dutch colonial rule.
His 1958 directorial debut, "Dorp aan de rivier (Village on the River)," was the first Dutch film nominated for the best foreign film Oscar.
Joseph Gallo CheesemakerJoseph Gallo, 87, who built a dairy empire apart from his wine baron brothers despite losing an acrimonious legal battle with them over the right to use the family name on the cheese he produced, died Feb. 17 at his home in Livingston, Calif. He had Alzheimer's disease.
In 1967, Mr. Gallo, who had managed Ernest and Julio Gallo's vineyards for more than 20 years, struck out on his own with a cattle ranch and vineyards, followed in 1979 by the first of his five dairies. After establishing a cheese-production company in 1982, he began selling the product as "Joseph Gallo Cheese."
His brothers sued him -- claiming trademark infringement -- and denounced the cheese as an inferior product that could damage the winery's reputation. The lawsuit also referred to him as an unknown cheesemaker, and the charges infuriated him, said John Whiting, his attorney.
A federal judge ruled that using the Gallo name confused consumers, leading them to think that the cheese was tied to the winery. He ordered the name on the package changed. Now sold under the Joseph Farms label, it is the largest-selling retail-brand cheese produced in California, according to the company.
Joseph Gallo countersued, arguing that his brothers had used their parents' estate to launch their E. & J. Gallo Winery in Modesto, Calif. He claimed they owed him a third of the business that had grown into one of the world's largest wine-making operations. A judge dismissed the suit, but the legal battle drove a permanent wedge between Joseph and his brothers, who had raised him since their parents died in a murder-suicide when Joseph was 13.