A GLANCE AT unemployment compensation standards in the District of Columbia, Virginia and Maryland reveals sharp differences in wages required to qualify for jobless benefits, the periods for which benefits are paid, the waiting time before payments are made, penalties for voluntarily quitting or being discharged for misconduct, and, of course, benefit amounts.

In the nation's capital, an unemployed worker can take home as much as $148 in weekly jobless pay for up to 34 weeks, while in neighboring Maryland the same individual would draw a maximum of $89 for 26 weeks, in Virginia up to $110 for up to 26 weeks.

The District's benefits reflect two-thirds of an individual's prior weekly wages; in Virginia they are set at 50 per cent; in Maryland at less than 50 per cent.

To qualify for minimum benefits, earnings of at least $450 are required in the District, in Maryland $288 is needed, in Virginia $1,008 in two separate three-month periods.

All claimants for 26 weeks while in the District and Virginia the maximum duration of 34 and 26 weeks respectively on regular benefits are determined by earnings and work history.

Maryland has no waiting period; the District Virginia have a one-week wait in which no benefits are paid. Virginia retroactively pays its waiting week benefits.

The District has a 5-to-10-week penalty for voluntarily quitting a job or being fired for misconduct. Maryland pays some voluntary job-leavers after a 2-to-10-week delay, depending on the reason for quitting. In Virginia and Maryland most individuals who voluntarily leave their jobs or are fired for gross misconduct cannot collect benefits until after having had a clean break from subsequent jobs.

Maryland and the District pay a dependency allowance. The former pays between $3 to $12, the latter $1 to $4. The allotments do not raise the maximum benefit amounts, as they do in all other states with dependency allowances.