The total number of federal, state and local government civilian employes reached 15,971,000 in October 1979, a jump of 300,000 over the October 1978 number, the Census Bureau reports. The figures include part-time workers.
In the course of the year, federal employment actually decreased a bit from 2,885,000 to 2,869,000, but state and local government rose nearly 350,000 to 13,102,000.
By far the largest number of employes was in education, about 6.8 million, followed by health service workers, 1,625,000, with defense and international affairs next at nearly a million. Police, with 711,000, were the fourth biggest group.
For the District of Columbia, often accused of having an excessive number of employes, the figures show the total of persons employed only slightly higher than state and local employes employed by government of states with about the same population. Thus, the District had 51,523 employes in Ocotber 1979 according to Census, while North Dakota, with about the same population, has nearly 50,000 state and local government employes. Nevada had 46,354. South Dakota had nearly 48,000.
Maryland had 260,239 employes, Virginia 312,763. California was first with 1.4 million. Per 10,000 population, Alaska had the most full-time equivalent employes, 775, while Pennsylvania had the fewest, 403.
Average full-time state and local government employes' pay nationally was $1,227 per month, with college teachers, at the top, $1,968. Alaska, at $1,913, was the highest-paying state for the full range of workers, Mississippi, at $875 per month, the lowest.