Numbers alone cannot fully convey the human consequences of housing so many people in such limited and unsuitable spaces. One of the plaintiffs' expert witnesses, Dr. Francis L. Rundle, testified that overcrowding in one cellblock was so severe "it was almost impossible to walk between (sic) the aisles that were formed by the double bunks in the gymnasium. It was not possible, for example, to squeeze by another person in some of these spaces they were so narrow."
Another of plaintiffs' expert witnesses, E. Eugene Miller, reported that the inhabitants were "stacked like cordwood. . . . The overall conditions in the women's cellblock are absolutely appalling." . . .
*A single classification and parole (C&P) officer is responsible for classifying the 40-70 new residents that arrive at the jail each day. Performing this duty accurately has become a daunting task, with speed often supplanting precision. This officer has little time to make these critical assessments and because the "intake records" that accompany each new prisoner are often incomplete, the C&P officer usually lacks the background material (the prisoner's criminal record, his past institutional behavior and any existing medical or mental health problems) needed to make an informed decision. . . .
The C&P officers are also responsible for assisting sentenced inmates in qualifying for parole. Once again, the sheer numbers of cases assigned to a single officer hampers his ability to provide effective service to individual inmates. Lack of contact with C&P officers has frequently led to delayed parole hearings. On numerous occasions inmates have remained incarcerated seven to nine months past their parole dates. . . .
*Evidence presented at the November 1983 hearing revealed . . . filthy and vermin-infested cooking facilities, unsanitary dishes, trays and utensils, inadequate storage space, and spoiling meats, fruits and vegetables. . . . (O)vercrowding and the sheer shortage of kitchen space have created problems which even the most dedicated exertions and the most modern equipment cannot solve. Thus, the kitchen, which was built to feed 960 prisoners, must now provide for nearly three times that number. It is forced to run nearly 24 hours a day. As a result, the jail's meal schedule is geared to the kitchen's round-the-clock operation, with the ludicrous consequence that breakfast is delivered to some prisoners as early 2:50 in the morning.
*. . . Instead of one toilet and sink for each resident, as originally designed, or one for two prisoners, as in the double-bunked cells, as many as 40 floor-space residents can be allotted to a single toilet and sink. The final consequence is that many of the showers and most of the toilets and sinks set aside for use by floor-space incarcerees are overused, poorly maintained, filthy and unsanitary. . . .
Unsanitary conditions pervade other areas of the jail as well. Observation by plaintiffs' experts, and by the court as well, revealed dirty mattresses and bedding. Some were fouled with urine, fecal material, food and vomit. Others were in poor repair. . . .
*The statistics corroborate what testimony averred -- that the jail is an increasingly hostile and dangerous place in which to live and that the chief cause of the ever-widening violence is the growth of the jail population. . . .