From the first Clarence M. Mitchell Jr. Memorial Lecture delivered by Joseph L. Rauh Jr., on Oct. 30:

Clarence's combination of fire, eloquence, strength and integrity carried the day for the 1964 (civil rights) bill, and so it was in all the legislative battles of the sixties and seventies. When Clarence entered the struggle for national civil rights legislation, the law of the land permitted and even supported discrimination and segregation. Roadblocks to black voting and employment abounded. Public accommodations were largely closed to blacks. The law mocked both equality and fairness. Clarence led a legal revolution that turned the law upside down.

Where the law once supported discrimination and segregation, it stands today as the bastion of equality. Reactionaries of this day may tilt at the edges, but the legal revolution of Clarence's day is here to stay. . . .

Our generation now passing from the scene can be proud of its role in that legal revolution. But price must not obscure the obvious -- that legal equality, while a necessary condition for practical equality, is a far cry from bringing it about. Discrimination over the years has created harsh economic and social differences, and they cannot be wiped out simply by ordering an end to future discrimination and segregation.

The bitter fruits of past discrimination are burdens upon the victimized groups that are everywhere visible. We do not all stand even at life's starting gate; it must never be forgotten that equal treatment of unequals is inherently unequal.

More is needed to attain the goal of a fair and just society, much more.