From an underground reform manifesto provided by "senior official sources in Moscow" to the British newspaper The Guardian on July 22:

The "Watergate scandal" in America, and President Nixon's resignation; the disclosures of the journal Der Spiegel in the German Federal Republic, and the resignation of Foreign Minister Strauss; the "Lockheed scandal" in Japan, and the resignation and trial of former Prime Minister Tanaka; the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior in New Zealand, and the resignation of French Defense Minister Hernu -- these and many other examples show that a press independent of the government and the ruling party can play an important part in the struggle against corruption and law-breaking, even if these crimes involve the highest politicians in the state.

The creation of a press independent of party and state would encourage a more effective struggle against the crimes of individuals; it would inform Soviet people more deeply and comprehensively about life within their country and beyond its borders; it would help to make Soviet people better informed, and allow themju to make a more objective assess-ju ment of events and state and party officials.

In a draft for a resolution on the freedom of the press, Lenin wrote: "The workers' and peasants' state understands by the freedom of the press . . . the granting to every group of citizens of certain number (say, 10,000) of the use of a corresponding share of paper supplies and printing facilities."