From remarks by Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan (D-N.Y.) in the Senate May 28:

If we wish the Persian Gulf to become a Soviet lake, that fact of geopolitics, that irreversible fact of geopolitics, is upon us at this hour. The Soviets have, with astonishing dexterity and deftness, moved in on Kuwait, now head of the Islamic Conference, and offered to protect Kuwait against its non-Arab neighbor, the massive state of Iran. The workers in the oil fields actually are Arab in Iran, but the nation, of course, is not. Iran is a Shiite nation, whereas Kuwait is predominately a Sunni nation. And now the Kuwaitis have responded to the Soviets as never before in their history.

The distinguished foreign minister of Pakistan was in this Capitol not a week ago and spoke with a number of us on the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Armed Service Committee. He described things about which I think his confidences should be kept, but his purposes should be understood. They are alarmed at the Soviet penetration of the Middle East. They see it as directly affecting their capacity to support the mujaheddin in Afghanistan. They see the possibility of being outflanked completely and the United States being effectively excluded from the region.

I need not remind . . . that Aden, the British protectorate that defined east of the Suez for a century and more in world politics, has fallen to a pro-Soviet, Soviet-supported, Soviet-maintained regime that, in effect, approaches the Persian Gulf.

. . . I would like to add the Afghanistan dimension, the Pakistan dimension, the Islamic Conference dimension. And, I repeat, if you would like to see the Persian Gulf become a Soviet lake, here is the place for the United States Congress to commence that process.