From United Nations Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar's annual report, issued Sept. 9, on the work of the U.N.:

The war between Iran and Iraq has lasted now for almost eight blood-stained years, endangering the entire region and threatening larger strife. Last year, these protracted hostilities showed signs of dangerous escalation and expansion, pointing to the urgent need for a new United Nations effort to end the bloodshed.

In January, I called for the Security Council to consult, possibly at the level of foreign ministers, on action to halt the war, having already in 1985 suggested to the parties eight points that could serve as a basis for terminating hostilities and opening the way to peace. The council acted decisively, adopting unanimously a resolution ordering immediate implementation of the cease-fire called for earlier and defining steps to be taken by the two countries in order to establish a basis for peace. The five permanent members have served as the motor force in the council's action, exercising the responsibility from which their special status derives.

The Security Council's resolution is an unmistakable manifestation of the deep desire of the international community to bring an end to this strife. It lays down a carefully crafted basis for addressing the legitimate concerns of both belligerents. The resolution assigns me a clear mandate, which, at the time of this writing, I am attempting to implement in its many dimensions through intensive discussion with the two governments. This will now take me to Iran and Iraq. Given the cooperation of the parties, we must hope for an early comprehensive settlement which will satisfy the demands of justice and honor.