To imply that the decision of the Texas Supreme Court in the Pennzoil-Texaco case was somehow political because Pennzoil's corporate office is in Texas and Texaco's is not {editorial, Nov. 9} impugns the ethics of Texas judges and demeans their political sagacity. If the court had intended to be political, it would certainly have been impressed by the fact that there are five times as many Texaco employees in Texas as Pennzoil employees. Nor would political judges ignore regional history, such as the origins of Texaco, which was founded in Texas by a Texan.

It does not contribute to a rational appraisal of the legal process to label the judgment an "extraordinary act of judicially condoned vengeance." Rather, given the weight of the evidence, it could be viewed as the predictable result of Texaco's conduct. Such a lawsuit was surely anticipated by Texaco when it agreed to indemnify the Getty interests from loss in the litigation that was certain to follow Texaco's disruption of the Getty sale to Pennzoil.

It is incorrect to contend that the Texas Supreme Court refused to review the record and "ignored" the various briefs submitted to it just because it did not accept their arguments. To the contrary, the justices spent four months considering very extensive briefs. As a result of this review, they concluded there was no reversible error and consequently no reason to rehear the case.

The amount of the damages is large, but it was determined on the basis of evidence offered in open court, subject to rebuttal, argued before a jury and reviewed and adjusted on appeal. It must be remembered that the award is intended to compensate Pennzoil for the loss of vast, unique and irreplaceable properties. Future developments in the petroleum industry may even make it seem inadequate. In any event, Texaco's liability would have been greatly reduced if it had accepted any one of several settlements offered by Pennzoil.

It is not only "the Texas judicial system's reputation for fairness and even for competence" that is at stake. Public critics of the courts should be equally fair and competent.

CHARLES McC. MATHIAS JR. Washington The writer is a lawyer who represents Pennzoil.