In the editorial "Poland: The Soviet Future?" {Feb. 2}, The Post contends that Solidarity is a "workers' movement able to blunt reforms launched by others but unable itself to compose a national program with the inevitable discipline and austerity."

This contention reveals, if not simple ignorance, a certain misunderstanding as to the true conditions prevailing in Poland.

It is a pity that The Post does not name those referred to as "others."

Solidarity has in fact been the only movement in Poland demanding, pressing and trying to implement genuine reforms in Poland. The key word here, of course, is "genuine." Solidarity has called for reforms already in the Gdansk Agreement of 1980, which was the movement's founding document. What is more, it does not take a very keen observer to realize that had Solidarity not survived until today the Polish government would probably be as reform oriented as the regime of Nicolae Ceausescu in Romania.

It is exactly because of the appalling austerity regime that Poles have had to live under since the imposition of martial law in 1981 -- according to official statistics the living standards have fallen 40 percent since then -- they will not accept anything less than genuine reforms. And the name of the reform is Solidarity.

The rather comical referendum Wojciech Jaruzelski announced late last year was simply a propaganda exercise, the true meaning of which was not lost on his compatriots, as has been proved by its results.

An attempt to introduce genuine reforms in Poland without Solidarity seems like an attempt to get rid of the U.S. federal budget deficit without increasing taxes or cutting expenditures. In both cases the result would be a dismal failure, irrespective of claims of the allegedly concerned parties.

In the multitude of analyses on the reasons for the deficit, I have not heard anybody putting the blame for it on the American people. And no wonder, since such a claim would be outrageous. Equally outrageous is blaming Solidarity for a lack of progress in reforming the Polish economy. PETER MROCZYK President The Solidarity Endowment, Inc. Washington