From an article in Freedom at Issue (Jan.-Feb. 1988), published by Freedom House:
Censorship became trendy in 1987.
Malaysia, Panama, South Africa, Fiji and Bangladesh applied strong, new press controls. The Soviet Union, China and other Marxist countries -- despite some liberalization under glasnost -- continued to own all their mass media, and exercise control over foreign and domestic journalists. In Haiti alone, 10 journalists were killed and at least 33 wounded.
The number of governments that harass or harm journalists has been steadily increasing since 1982. . . . Government control or influence over press and radio has also become more ingenious. Cameroon banned references to the French national anthem as "violent." Censors in Paraguay permitted a press conference -- but said nobody could attend.
This year, journalists met in London and Johannesburg to record their victimization. They had much to protest.
Thirty-four of their number in 12 countries suffered the ultimate censorship: they were murdered. Another 10 were kidnapped or disappeared, 29 were beaten and 43 shot. At least 188 were arrested and 51 expelled from countries from which they were reporting.
Harassment -- some 436 incidents -- doubled those of last year. In 57 countries, newspapers and radios were banned on 90 occasions, 124 journalists were charged but not jailed, 34 newspersons received death threats, 14 media plants were bombed or set afire, and another 28 plants raided.
Legislatures were busy planning new restrictions on the press in South Africa, Chile, Hong Kong and New Zealand. Only in New Zealand were these threats ended.