From an interview with Mark Phillips of the Centre for Policy Studies of the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in the spring issue of the World Policy Journal:

The liberation movement in South Africa initially responded fairly cautiously and somewhat slowly to de Klerk's initiatives. As a result, there has been some criticism in liberal circles of the movement and of the ANC in particular. ...

For one thing, it must be remembered that the liberation movement in South Africa is very diffuse, not only because it takes such a variety of organizational forms but also because much of it has been banned for very many years and much of it has had to form itself around local issues in disparate communities throughout the country and under highly adverse conditions. In other words, the liberation movement is faced with a partly legal, partly illegal system of organization, with some of its members located within the country, some outside of the country, and with the primary group outside the country -- the ANC -- having members of its national executive committee all over the world.

The most important thing for the ANC has been to respond in a united and effective fashion to de Klerk's moves which, under these circumstances, could not be done immediately. There are clearly going to be differences within the ANC over strategy and tactics at a time like this -- differences between those who take de Klerk, as Mandela says, to be a man of integrity, a man we can deal with, and those who, perhaps because of their harsh experiences underground and in the face of police violence, are going to be somewhat more wary at this stage.