Daniel Frye expresses ambivalence about his upcoming deployment to the Persian Gulf as a U.S. Naval Reserve medic {news story, Nov. 28}. It seems unfair to him that so many young blacks have to look to the military to provide opportunities (particularly educational) unavailable in civilian life.

I have two problems with this line of reasoning. First, as Mr. Frye's father points out in the same article, the question is one of class not race. The U.S. military is 20 percent black; clearly, many of the nonblack 80 percent enlisted to obtain opportunities that they did not have access to as civilians.

Second, I object to the tacit assumption behind Mr. Frye's sentiments. He implies that he should not have to join the military simply because his father could not afford to send him to college. Taken one step further, this logic would lead to the conclusion that society should pay for his education because his family cannot.

He seems to believe that society owes him a college education. It doesn't. Mr. Frye took an opportunity for advancement offered him by the military. This choice entailed both risks and rewards of which Mr. Frye was undoubtedly well aware when he enlisted. Whether one chooses to finance a college education through student loans, a part-time job, enlistment in the Army or family generosity has nothing to do with fairness.

As a rule, our society provides opportunities for advancement to those who have the initiative to take advantage of them. Society owes us only the opportunities. It is our responsibility to seize them any way we can. STEVEN SUSSSER Arlington