Who won the war over Kosovo? Slobodan Milosevic, the war criminal. How is that? The agreement:

Will allow Kosovo to remain part of the sovereign state of Serbia.

Will bring an international, rather than a strictly NATO, force of peacekeepers into Kosovo.

Will provide for United Nations Security Council mandate and supervision over that force, meaning that countries sympathetic to Serbia -- Russia and China -- can use their veto powers to protect Serbian interests in the province of Kosovo.

None of these provisions was offered at Rambouillet, thus causing Slobodan Milosevic to reject that agreement. Instead what he was offered by our misguided diplomacy was the eventual and certain loss of a province of Serbia to independence.

In addition, Slobodan Milosevic's brutal ethnic cleansing of the Albanian Kosovars and widespread destruction of the province likely will limit the numbers of ethnic Albanians who will choose to return home, thus creating a demographic balance more favorable to the Serbs.

To Slobodan Milosevic, was the cost of the destruction of Serbia and Kosovo wrecked by NATO worth the benefit of these gains? Who knows? He has paid a very dear price for what he has gained. But what about our side? If our diplomacy had been as skillful as we think it was, we could have obtained this deal from Slobodan Milosevic at Rambouillet and avoided the costs we have paid and the misery subsequently inflicted on Serbs and Kosovars alike. Those who managed our diplomacy at Rambouillet should have the decency to resign.

ROBERT V. KEELEY

Washington