The squabbling and grandstanding that have taken place over this summer's local water restrictions can be added to the thousands of years of political commentary about the resource. While you're hand-watering your garden, see if you can match the quotations with the attributions in the column on the far right. Answers are on page 4.

1. Pure water, when and where you need it, is worth whatever it costs to get it there.

2. Children of a culture born in a water-rich environment, we have never really learned how important water is to us. We understand it, but we do not respect it.

3. The highest good is like that of the water. The goodness of water is that it benefits the 10,000 creatures, yet itself does not scramble, but is content with the places that all men disdain.

4. The next war in the Middle East will be fought over water.

5. No one has the right to use America's rivers and America's waterways, that belong to all the people, like a sewer. The banks of a river may belong to one man or one industry or one state, but the waters which flow between the banks should belong to all the people.

6. In the old days, ranchers shot each other over water. Today it's a lot tougher: Bureaucrats are in charge.

7. We should no longer think of water as a gift of nature but as an industry which needs investment.

8. The frog does not drink up the pond in which he lives.

9. I wish to make it clear to you, there is not sufficient water to irrigate all the lands which could be irrigated, and only a small portion can be irrigated . . . . I tell you, gentlemen, you are piling up a heritage of conflict!

10. If you want to save your children from poverty, pay attention to water.

11. Next time you fellas "strike it rich," holler for me, will you, before you start splashing water around? Water's precious. Sometimes it can be more precious than gold.

12. The West will grow and water will be found to make the growth possible. The only real issue . . . is how and where it will grow, and that depends on two things: politicians and power.

13. Water is a very good servant, but it is a cruell maister.

14. While one can argue that politics is not the concern of conservationists, the reality is that resource scarcity is often the source of instability. Resources are a political issue, much as politics is a resource issue.

15. Whiskey's for drinking, water's for fighting about.

Answers

A Boutros Boutros-Ghali (as foreign minister of Egypt), 1985

B Will Rogers, c. 1920s

C Shimon Peres, former Israeli prime minister, 1984-86

D Lao-tzu, Chinese philosopher and founder of Taoism, c. 550 B.C.

E Water Huston to Humphrey Bogart and Tim Holt in "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre," 1948

F American Indian proverb

G Mark Twain, late 19th century

H William Ashworth, "Nor Any Drop to Drink," 1982

I Lyndon Johnson, signing the Clean Water Act of 1965

J William Bullein, "Bulwark of Defence," 1562

K John Wesley Powell, at the Los Angeles International Irrigation Conference, 1893

L Jim Wright, "The Coming Water Famine," 1966

M Tawat Vichaidiji, Thai water official, quoted in the Bangkok Post, March 1991

N A. Lichtenstein, San Francisco Sunday Examiner and Chronicle, 1978

O David Western, "Conservation for the 21st Century," 1989

Answers to the quiz on Page 3:

1.-L; 2.-H; 3.-D; 4.-A; 5.-I; 6.-B; 7.-M; 8.-F; 9.-K; 10.-C; 11.-E; 12.-N; 13.-J; 14.-O; 15.-G