Carin Fischer muddies the historical waters when she writes in her Oct. 23 letter that: "Since the end of colonial rule, India has endeavored . . . to avoid alignment with any superpower."

Jawaharlal Nehru, the architect of independent India's foreign policy, consistently followed a pro-Soviet bias, despite preaching about "neutralism." When the Korean War erupted in 1950, his suggested "settlement" was replacing Nationalist China with Communist China on the U.N. Security Council and then negotiating with Moscow and Beijing to end the conflict.

Similarly, in 1956, Nehru was quick to denounce the British-French-Israeli assault on Egypt, but was so mild and exculpatory in his comments about the Soviet suppression of the Hungarian uprising that he was criticized even by friends.

Further, efforts by the United States and its allies to cope with the Soviet-initiated Berlin crises were not helped by Nehru's comment that they were present in the city only by Soviet "permission."

Finally, although Nehru was always highly critical of American nuclear testing, in 1960, when the Soviets ended an unofficial testing moratorium with the detonation of the most powerful atomic blast in history, he had almost nothing critical to say.

DAVID F. RUDGERS

Arlington