Cyrus R. Vance was given a unanimous 15-to-0 vote of approval by the Senate Foreing Relations Committee yesterday to succeed Henry A. Kissinger as Secretary of State.

Vance was questioned lightly in a one-day hearing Tuesday and when Chairman John Sparkman (D)Ala.) called for a vote yesterday, Vance was approved without debate. The Senate will vote on Cabinet appointments when they are officially submitted immediately after the inauguration of President-elect Jimmy Carter next Thursday.

Nine more intended appointments to the future Vance-led State Department, all forecast in earlier press accounts, were announced officially yesterday. The department's senior posts are now about three-quarters filled.

The most disputed new appointee is Terence Todman as assistant secretary of state for inter-American affairs. Todman, currently ambassador to Costa Rica, is a black career officer, born in the Virgin Islands in 1926.

Despite his background in the reegion, Todman was strongly opposed by Hispanic American groups and other organizations which championed Esteban Torres, an international affairs specialist for the United Auto Workers. Manuel Fierro of the National Congress of Hispanic American Citizens yesterday called the Todman appointment "a kick in the teeth" to Hispanic Americans.

Vance's office also announced that President-elect Carter will nominate:

Richard Holbrooke to be assistant secretary of state for East Asian and pacific affairs. Holbrooke, 35, managing editor of Foreign Policy magazine, was a Foreign Service career officer who served in the Paris peace talks negotiations on Vietnam with Vance and was later director of the Peace Corps in Morocco.

Leslie H. Geib, 39, to be director of the bureau of politico-military affairs. A diplomatic reporter for the New York Times since 1973, Gelb directed the project that produced what came to be known as the "Pentagon Papers" on the Vietnam war, while he was deputy director of policy planning and arms control in the Pentagon from 1967 to 1969.

Barbara M. Watson, to be reappointed as administrator of the bureau of security and consular affairs. She held the post from 1968 to 1975, the first woman and the first black ever to reach a level that senior in the department.

Patsy T. Mink to be assistant secretary of state for oceans, international environmental and scientific affairs. Mink served in the House as a Democratic representative from Hawaii from 1964 to 1976.

Gale W. McGee to be ambassador to the Organization of American States, McGee, a former history professor, represented Wyoming in the Senate from 1958 until his defeat last year, and was chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee on Latin America.

Three Foreign Service career officers will be continued as holdovers in assistant secretaryships:

Arthur A. Hartman, assistant secretary for European affairs.

Alfred L. (Roy) Atherton Jr., assistant secretary for Near Eastern and South Asian affairs.

Williwam E. Schaufele Jr., assistant secretary for African affairs.