Presidential envoy Clark Clifford met a generally hostile reception here today as he arrived in Turkey to press for a speedy solution to the Cyprus conflict.

Turkish newspapers accused the United States of medding in Turkey's affairs, and officials said Clifford's mission could complicate a Cyprus settlement.

"There is great sensitivity in Turkey to pressure from a foreign power," said a senior Foreign Ministry official. "If this becomes an election issue, then everyone will become an extremist."

Premier Suleiman Demirel's conservative Justice Party is currently second in parliamentary seats to the leftist Republican People's Party. It rules only with the tenuous support of three other rightist groups, one of which, the pro-Moslem National Salvation Party, insists on no concessions on Cyprus.

Justice Party members expressed dismay at the timing f Clifford's visit, particularly since a breakthrough had been achieved - at the Turks' initiative - earlier this month in previously deadlocked Cyprjs peace talks.

"There is nothing Clifford can achieve on Cyprus," said Justice Party Sen. Kamran Inan, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. "T only useful thing he can do is to go back to Washington and tell Congress to lift its embargo against Turkey."

The Cyprus issue brought Nato allies Greece and Turkey to the brink of war in 1974 and his seriously weakened the Western alliance's southeasten flank.

Turkey invaded Cyprus in 1974 following an attempted Greek takeover of the island in the last days of the Greek juntas. Greece withdrew its forces from the military wing of NATO, charging U.S. failure to stop the Turkish landing. The U.S. congress imposed a military embargo against Turkey to force a Cyprus settlement, and Turkey retaliated by suspending operations at 26 American bases on its territory.

Disentanglement of this morass would be a major achievement for the new Carter administration.

Where the Turks disagree is how to go about it.

"The key to the problem is to lift the arms embargo against Turkey," a senior official said.

This would remove the embarrassment of foreign pressure, and leave the Turks, who presently control nearly 40 per cent of predominantly Greek Cyprus, freer to make concessions.

But Congress has made repeal of the embargo conditional on progress toward a Cyprus settlement.

The Turks charge the Greeks with dragging their feet on Cyprus to block repeal of the arms embargo against Turkey while Athens rearms.

Turkish officials said that while Turkey had received almost nothing from the United States in the past two years except spare parts, Greece had obtained 70 AMX-30 tanks, 18 A-7 long-range bombers and nine surface warships.

Clifford, who arrived in Ankara after three days of talks in Athens, attempted to mollify the Turks by promising in an arrival statement "detailed discussions particulary with reference to defense agreements that are so important to the continued relationship between our two countries."

In reply, Turkish Foreign Minister Ihsan Sabri Caglayangil said he hoped that Clifford's talks with Turkish leaders - after which the former defense secretary will fly to Nicosia - "will bring an end to the currently far-from-satisfactory relations between Turkey and the U.S.A."

This will not be made easier by Washington Post revelations - headlined in most Turkish newspaper today - that Makarios was a recipient of CIA funds.

Summed up the mass-circulation newspaper Huriyet in a headline: "Poor Clifford."