SIZE - 91,133 square miles, slightly smaller than Oregon, with magnificient scenery, lakes and mountains reaching to 16,750 feet.
POPULATION - About 11.7 million, 50 per cent Christian and 15 per cent Moslem, with the rest following traditional African religions. A number of African tribal groups make up the population, the largest among them the Buganda.
ECONOMY - Agriculture, fishing and forestry make up most of the economy; industry accounts for 15 per cent and mining, mostly copper, for 3 per cent. Leading exports have been coffee and cotton.
HISTORY - Several advanced African kingdoms inhabited the area when Arab traders reached it in the early 19th Century. After 65 years as a British protectorate, Uganda achieved independence on Oct. 9, 1962 and remained in the Commonwealth. In February 1966, Prime Minister Apollo Milton Obote overthrew the president and assumed full power. In January 1971, Obote, while out of the country, was overthrown by Maj. Gen. Idi Amin, army and air force chief of staff.
GOVERNMENT - After independencr, Uganda was a federation, with Buganda and three smaller kingdoms enjoying some autonomy. Obote, a centralist, ended the autonomy and formed a military republic. Amin has banned political parties, dissolved the 82 member parliament, ended electionsand assumed judicial, executive and legislative power.