Turkish Foreign Minister Ihsan Sabri Caglayangil flew to Moscow today for talks with Soviet leaders trying to pry a reluctant, but disgruntled, Turkey further from the West.
Official news commentaries and radio broadcasts beamed at turkey from Moscow in the past few days have dropped strong hints of Sovet aspirations.
Friday, the Soviet news agency Tass reviewed generous Soviet economic aid to Ankara in recent years and said it provided "favorable conditions for deepening and widening all aspects of Soviet-Turkish cooperation."
Moscow Radio, in a Turkish-language broadcast, called for "increased military contacts" with its southern neighbor.
Although developing Turkey needs Soviet credits, and the Kremlin courtship strengthens Ankara's argument for repeal Turks have so far shunned political cooperation with Moscow and spurred all offers of military aid.
Turkish Foreign Office officials said Gaglayangil would not initial a Soviet Turkish friendship treaty, which has been under negotiation for more than a year, and Radio Moscow comments on military cooperation brought a prompt denial from Ankara that it was planning to buy Soviet arms.
Although angry over the U.S. Congressional arms cut-off following the Turkish invasion of Cyprus, and unhappy over commercial dealing with the European Common Market, the Turks have a traditional emnity towad Moscow, resulting from three centuries of wars between the Czarist and Ottoman empires and three decades of Cold War tensions.
The Communist Party is banned in Turkey, which is the guardian of NATO's southeast defenses against th Soviet-led Warsaw Pact.
Informed government sources said Turkish Prime Minister Suleynan Demirel, a staunch anti-Communist, did not want to take any decisive new steps in relations with Moscow while Turkey and the new Carter administrationa re still feeling each other out.
Additonally, Demirel faces crucial general elections later this year in which flirtation with Moscow could be used against him.
Gaglayangil has emphasized economic issues, saying he would discuss implementation of an agreed $1.23 billion Soviet loan to the Turks, plus increased scientific and technical cooperation. He is also expected to sign two minor accords, one on repatriation of hijackers and the other on consular affairs.
Turkey's traditionally icy relations with its big northern neighbor enjoyed a brief period of warmth in the 1920s when the Union was the first country to offer modern Turkey friendship.
After World War II, however Stalin demanded threeof Turkey's eastern provinces and sought control of the Bosphorus and Dardanelles straits between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. Turkey then turned to the West for support and joined NATO.
Isolated during the 1963 Cyprus crisis, Ankara, sought backing from Moscow, and in 1967, after the first high-level visits by Turkish and Soviet Statesmen in 30 years, signed an economi accord.
Since then, the Soviet Union has played a major role in the development of Turkey's heavy industry, providing credits and technical know how for construction of a giant iron and steel complex at Iskenderun, an oil refinery at Izmir and an aluminium plant at Seydisehir.