The House easily defeated attempts yesterday to halt funding for development of a new intercontinental balistic missile and to delay or cut back aircraft programs contained in a $359 billion military procurement bill.

The bill would provide about $608 million more than President Carter requested for weapons but accepts $2.5 billion of the $2.8 billion that he sought to cut from the defense budget submitted by President Ford.

Final action was put off until Monday.

Rep. Ronald Dellums (D-Calif) unsuccessfully sought to eliminate $1344 million for continued development of the MX intercontinental missile, which might be moved around in underground tunnels to make it impossible for the Russians to pinpoint.

Dellums said the MX missiles would be hard to verify and become a nightmare for arms controllers," and noted Carter already has expressed the desire to ban mobile missiles.

"We will be escalating the arms race (by continued development) at a time when I think it should be de-es-calated," he said.

The bill for the fiscal year starting Oct. 1 would restore some delays Carter asked in purchases of weapons but make up most of the difference by reducing research programs.

The House also defeated attempts to:

Delay the spending of $307.2 million for three AWACS early warining and command center airplanes for the Air Force until NATO allies decide whether they want to buy $3.7 billion worth for use in Europe.

Delete $5 million and end development of a jet-powered medium support transport that would carry tanks and self-propelled artillery onto battlefield airstrips.

Cut $375.4 million for two Navy tankers and three fleet tugboats and spend most of the money on two missile frigates and an attack submarine instead.