Sen. Barry M. Goldwater (R-Ariz.) said yesterday the Carter administration's approach to foreign policy is marked by "feverish haste" and called on the President to "cool it."

In Panama, Cuba, Rhodesia, China and in arms limitation talks with the Soviet Union, the President's approach can be characterized as "an unseemly haste, an almost feverish eagerness to reach settlements and agreements within certain time periods," Goldwater said in a Senate speech.

"I suggest that the problems which beset foreign affairs throughout the world today do not lend themselves to easy solutions and certainly not to handling on the basis of deadlines and timetables," Goldwater said.

Goldwater made these criticisms of Carter foreign policy:

Panama: "The haste for settlement has led that government to put a $5 billion price tag on terms that the administration feels are reasonable in the adjustment of control over the canal."

Cuba: "I suspect that our moves toward recognition have led that Communist country to believe our eagerness would permit an agreement even while Castro continues his program of aggression and continues to send more troops to Angola and other parts of Africa."

Rhodesia: Goldwater said there are indications that statements by President Carter and U.N. Ambassador Andrew Young have motivated Prime Minister Ian Smith "to call for a special election and practically thumb his nose at American efforts to bring about majority rule."

China: "The administration's obvious desire to normalize relations with Communist China at the earliest possible moment is what sustains Peking in the belief that we will ultimately sacrifice the Republic of China and abrogate our long-held commitments to the government on Taiwan . . . This is perhaps the first area in the world where the administration should put on the brakes and curb its feverish haste."

Strategic arms limitation talks: "I have to conclude that President Carter's great eagerness for a SALT agreement was a major factor in his decision to junk the B-1 bomber in favor of the cruise missile. And I fully expect the Russians, sensing this eagerness, will now procede to try to get us to modify or limit the range of the cruise missile in any forthcoming SALT agreement.