Egyptian President Anwar Sadat has charged that Soviet helicopters flying from an aircraft carrier interfered with Egyptian communications during recent border fighting between Egypt and Libya.

Sadat, interviewed for yesterday's ABC television program "Issues and Answers," said he will inform the Soviet Union in a note that Egypt will not permit such operations in the future.

As his talks with U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance neared, Sadat said he is optimistic that a Middle East peace conference will be reconvened in Geneva.Vance left Washington last night for Alexandria, Egypt, the first stop on his visit to five Arab nations and Israel.

He was carrying what he previously had called "American suggestions" for setting up Arab-Israeli negotiations for a peace settlement.

In the television interview, Sadat again accused the Soviet Union of encouraging anti-Egyptian acts by Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi.

Asked whether he believes Moscow was directly involved in provoking the trouble that resulted in armed clashes between Egypt and Libya from July 19 to 24. Sadat replied: "For sure. Why would Qaddafi do this?"

He said Egypt's attacks on Libya were retaliatory and not designed to cause the overthrow of Qaddafi. But he commented: "I think it is not only to the benefit of the Arab people but to the benefit of the whole world that Qaddafi be thrown out."

The state-controlled Cairo magazine October reported yesterday that Egyptian warplanes destroyed a number of advanced Soviet long-range bombers during the border warfare.

The magazine said the bombers were capable of striking deep into Egypt and Sudan. It said they were destroyed by a raid on the Kufra oasis, a caravan crossroads on the Libya-Egypt border 500 miles south of the Mediterranean coast.

The article did not identify the aircraft by name.

Elsewhere in the Middle East, former Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin said President Carter has undermined Israel's position at any future Geneva peace conference by publicly calling for Israel's withdrawal from occupied Arab territory and for the creation of a Palestinian homeland.

The U.S. position is bound to bring about a deadlock at Geneva, Rabin said in an interview with United Press International in Tel Aviv.

Rabin said Prime Minister Menahem Begin's willingness to go to Geneva without coordinating U.S. and Israeli policies on these issues will only postpone a confrontation will the United States.