Here is the text of the note sent to Judge Robert L. Taylor by the foreman of the jury in the Mandel corruption trial:
"Dear Sir: Despite the clarification on the points which we received, and after careful deliberation over the evidence, both written and oral testimony, we are unable to come to a unanimous decision as to the existence of a scheme to defraud. Therefore, we are also unable to come to a unanimous decision as to the existence of a scheme to defraud. Therefore, we are unable to reach a unanimous verdict on the guilt or innocence on any of the charges on any of the defendants in this case. Howard Davis, Foreman, 8/16/77."
After learning that the jury in the Marvin Mandel corruption case was deadlocked, Taylor called jury members into the courtroom and gave them the following admonition:
"Members of the jury. In order to return a verdict each juror must agree to the verdict. In other words, your verdict must be unanimous. Jurors have a duty to consult with one another and to deliberate with a view of reaching an agreement, if it can be done without violence to individual judgement.
"Although each juror must decide the case for himself or herself, this should only be done after an impartial consideration of the evidence with his or her fellow jurors.
"In the course of deliberations, a juror should not hesitate to re-examine his or her own views and change his or her opinion if convinced it is erroneous. Each juror who finds himself to be in the minority should reconsider his views in the light of the opinions of the majority.
"Conversely, each juror who finds himself or herself in the majority should give equal consideration to the views of the minority. No juror should surrender his honest conviction as to the weight or effect of the evidence solely because of the opinion of his fellow jurors for the purpose of returning a verdict.
"But remember also, after full deliberation and consideration of all the evidence, it is your duty to agree upon a verdict, if you can do so without violating your individual judgement and conscience.
"For the parties that are involved in this lawsuits, the government and the defendants, this case is an important one and its presentation to you has involved expense and expenditure of time by both the government and the defendants.
"Now, Mr. Foreman and members of the Jury, please retire and further deliberate."