Peking release today a detailed plan for organizing the Chinese economy that promised significant tightening of central control, a favorite theme of Vice Premier Teng Hsiao-Ping.

The lengthy article by the state planning commission distributed by the New China News Agency said the economic system would be organized into six regions, as it was in the 1950s, and would give primary exphasis to increased agricultural production.

Although the article praised local initiative, it said: Centralization must be exercised wherever possible and necessary."

It gave central authorities eight major responsibilities, including "fixing the number of new workers and setting the sum for wages and prices," and said, "No locality or department should act as it pleases on these matters."

Teng was forced into temporary retirement when he tried to execute a centralization plan early last year. Today's article acknowledged that the plan had been attacked as "dictatorship by the ministries," but called it indispensable for balanced economic growth. The article heaped scorn on the since-purged Politiburo members who attacked Teng. It gave no hint of plans for the rumored general wage increase, but said, "The socialist principle of "From each according to his ability and to each according to his need would be consistently applied and collective welfare amenities must be gradually expanded."

Analysts here interpreted a statement that officials should "restrict bourgeols right of their own accord" to mean that higher wage-earners, at least, would receive no pay increase

Economic analysts have noticed a loosening of economic controls in China during the last few years of political maneuvering over the succession to the late Mao Tse-Tung. Local communes, for instance, in some cases allowed farm hands to start small handicraft shops and stay away from the fields.

An official editorial last week warned against letting meetings, art programs or sideline activities interfer with farm labor. Today's article endorsed that theme, pointing out that light and heavy industry can develop only if food and fiber production increases.

In othe developments: The New China News Agency released the text of a December 1953 speech in which Mao seemed to be making self-criticism for the excesses of the economic crash program called the Great Leap Forward. Some analysts here suggested that this may be a signal for a more moderate economic policies.

An official report of memorial services for Mao revealed that army veteran Lo Jui-ching, 76, had been promoted to membership in the party's powerful military affairs commission.

Lo was purged in 1967, allegedly for stressing fighting skills instead of political education in the army and reportedly tried to commit suicide. He was rehabilitated in 1975.