A House subcommittee yesterday made public what it called an official South Korean program for clandestine operations in the United States, including plans to infiltrate the Pentagon, secure collaborators in top congressional offices and establish "an intelligence network in the White House."
The ambitious, detailed plan provided for Korean agents to distribute gifts and money around the country to "manipulate" and "co-opt" broad segments of American society, ranging from academia and the media to the Baptist Church and the antiwar left.
Testimomy at the hearing indicated the most of the specific projects set forth in the lengthy program were never undertaken. There was no evidence yesterday of any covert Korean activity in any of the government offices targeted in the plan.
The program set forth in the document, which was released during a hearing before the House International Organizations Subcommittee, goes far beyond the previously reported efforts of such Koreans as businessman Tongsun Park and diplomat Kim Dong Jo to buy influence in the United States. The subcommittee chairman, Rep. Donald M. Fraser (D-Minn.) said that "approximately three-quarters of a million dollars were ear-marked to implement these operations."
The chief witness at yesterday's hearing, Sohn Ho Young, aformer agent of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency, said the document was prepared by the KCIA to plan its U.S. operations during 1976.
Sohn, who has been granted asylum in the United States, described the document as "inflated," adding that "common sense tells me this was not really carried out."
Sohn was followed to the witness stand by three scholars and a State Department official who were listed, according to the subcommittee, as specific targets in the written plan. Only one said he had been offered anything by Korean agents in 1976, although the others described prior and subsequent approaches and offers.
Committee members refused to say where they had acquired the document, which has never been mentioned in previous testimony on Korean operations here. "It's legitimate, that's all I can say," Fraser said.
If it is legitimate, the plan made public yesterday would corroborate the findings of the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, which said after hearings last month that the Korean government directed the influence-buying effort here. The Korean embasssy has said that any such efforts came at the intiative of private individuals.
The FBI, which is charged with keeping track of foreign intelligence agents in the United States, has never heard of findings such a detailed blue-print of another government's planned activities in the United States, a spokesman said.
The document released yesterday suggests that the KCIA plan was separate from another Korean effort to pass campaign funds to members of Congress.
The document, eight pages long in its orginal Korean version and 24 pages in translation sets out three main areas of activity in the United States: operations against North Korean agents believed to be working here, operations aimed at Koreans living in the United States, and "operations relating to the U.S.
Under the latter heading, the document targeted a broad spectrum of influence in this country.
In Congress, the document suggested, the Koreans planned to hire "paid collaborators" in the "office of the Speaker (Senate and House)." It budgeted $500 per month to pay each of three collaborators for a year, or $18,000.
The document said that an agent named "I/O" (apparently for "intelligence officer") had acheived contact with 44 members. It noted "collaborators already secured: 40" and "newly created friendly relationships: 32."
The documents also suggested that the Koreans targeted the Democratic Study Group and the Republican Study Committee in the House as profitable groups with which to establish ties."
The program also called for "implantation of an intelligence network in the White HOuse," with contacts on the National Security Council, in the office of the President's military adviser, and among the White House press corps.
Retired Speaker Carl Albert (D-Okla.) could not be reached for comment yesterday. His onetime aide, Suzi Park Thomson, has been a subject of the various investigations because of alleged ties with the KCIA.
Her attorney, Philip J. Hirschkop, said again yesterday that his client had denied under oath ever receiving any payment from the KCIA.
The plan identified specific White House aides and reporters to be contacted. All names mentioned in the document, however, were deleted from the version made public, except for the four individuals who testified yesterday. Fraser said the names would be made public in the future.
In The State Department, the plan said, the KCIA planned to "strengthen and broaden the intelligence network" during 1976.
With the Pentagon, the plan said, the KCIA would "concentratedly infiltrate the Military Assistance Division under the Assistant Secretary for International Security." It also called for "infiltration" of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to "collect U.S. Far Eastern military strategy."
The plan called for strengthening intelligence "cooperation" with the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency and FBI. It called for trips to Korea by intelligence officials at Seoul's expense, and for passing on information on a "Korean resident" of whom the Koreans wanted the CIA to keep track.
Officials of the executive branch agencies mentioned as targets of the KCIA either declined comment yesterday or denied that any of their representatives were influenced by the Koreans.
A Pentagon spokesman siad it would be "inappropriate to comment" because of the continuing investigations. CIA and State Department spokesman said they had been unable to check the reports.
An FBI official said there was "no indication that the KCIA had "infiltrated or manipulated" the agency.
The document budgeted $11,000 for air fare to permit agents to "invite influential U.S. journalists to visit Korea and convert them."
The document lists two New York Times reporters and one from ABC News, and calls for a "search among the reporters of influential papers (WP. CSM). The plan also stated "co-opt and utilize reporters of influential U.S. papers (WP, CSM)", as well as to "utlize White House reporters to approach and gather intelligence."
The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Christian science Monitor, and ABC News all said yesterday they were unaware of any Korean effort to contact any of their employees.
The KCIA paln also called for operations in "academic and religious circles."
It suggested that Korean agents could support scholars considered friendly to the Seoul regime, and "convert" hostile scholars with free trips and grants. It called for special attention to leftist veterans of the movement against the Vietnam war.
One of the scholars identified by the subcommittee as a KCA target was Kim Young Chin, a political science teacher at George Washington University. He testified yesterday and said the Korean government paid $20,000 for a seminar at George Washington in 1975, but said the government had no control over the seminar.
he plan called on agent to "manipulate" an Epsicopal priest and to "strengthen utilization" of a Baptist minister considered supportive of the Seoul government. It also budgeted $1,200 for "utilization of Jewish lobbyists."
Former KCIA agent Sohn, a slight, youthful looking man who was surrounded by a protective squad of U.S. marshals, said the KCIA plan was feared that its North Korean adver-adopted because the Seoul regime sary was gaining support in the U.S.
Further, Sohn said, "The war in Vietnam was finished, and there was great concern in Korea that [South Vietnam's] fate may repeat Korea."
Discussing the language of the report, Sohn said the Korean term translated as "manipulate" meant to make a person formerly hostile to the South Korean government friendly to it. He gave virtually the same definition for the term translated as "coopt."
He said the word translated as "collaborators" meants "persons who wittingly or unwittingly help us."
Sohn said it was "unthinkable" to him that the KCIA would still be pursuing? such activities in the U.S. today, because of the "negative publicity" about Tongsun Park and the influence-buying program.
Investigators for the Justice Department and the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, which are conducting separate inquiries into alleged wrongdoing by U.S. officials, expressed caution yesterday over the significance of the KCIA operations plan.
The names of targeted officals were viewed as promising leads, but little more for now, because there is no evidence of how much of the plan was carried out. CAPTION: Picture 1, Witness Sohn Ho Young: a matter of translation.By Freida Reiter - ABC-TV via AP; Picture 2, Donald M. Fraser said about $750,000 was earmarked, AP; Chart 1, 2, A translation of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency's "1976 plan for operations in the United States" shows that "targets" included officials at the National Security Council, the State Department and the Pentagon. The names of the targeted officials were deleted by House Investigators and replaced by letters of the alphabet. The plan also called for "co-opting" reporters of "influential U.S. paper (AP, CSM)," apparent references to The Washington Post and the Christian Science Monitor, and for "utilizing" White House reporters. The Washington Post