Because of a typographical error. Hariadene Johnson, director of East African affairs in the Agency for International Development, was incorrectly identified as a man in yesterday's Washington Post.
The State Department has decided to resume economic development aid to Somalia and will submit to Congress an agricultural research and training program for that nation early next year, administration sources said yesterday.
The United States cut off development funds to Somalia in 1971 after Congress included in the Foreign Assistance Act a provision forbidding aid to countries whose flag was flown on ships trading with North Vietnam.
Since then, however, this country has provided humanitarian aid and grants under Public Law 480 for emergency food supplies to Somalia largely because of its suffering during the Sabel drought.
U.S. officials stressed that the decision to resume development aid does not signal any change in the administration's policy of refusing to provide arms to Somalia, which is fighting a fierce battle with neighboring Ethiopia over the Ogaden province.
Last month Somalia, which had received massive quantities of Soviet weapons including tanks and Mig jet fighters, renounced its military ties with the Soviet Union and broke diplomatic relations with Cuba. Somalia has sought, so far unsuccessfully, to replace the Soviet arms with western weapons.
[WORD ILLEGIBLE] Johnson, director of East African affairs in the Agency for International Development, said the decision to renew development projects was not triggered by Somalia's ouster of the Soviets and Cubans.
But that action plus Somali cooperation in October with the West German government in rescuing a hijacked Lufthansa jet and its passengers from terrorists "contributed t a favorable atmosphere," he said.
Somali Ambassador Abdullahi Ahmed Addou said he was "very pleased" with the State Department's decision. "It opens a new page in bilateral relations between the two countries," he said.
This week six Somali officials, led by Hussein Qassim, minister of minerals and water resources, are discussing details of the new agriculture development program with U.S. officals.
The program, which could cost $15 million over a five-year period, is expected to include funds for testing varieties of seeds - corn, rice, sorghum - to improve crops in Somaloia. It also would also involve sending U.S. tachnicians to work with the Agriculture Ministry of that nation on extension and training programs. Under one of the training programs Somalis would come to the United States for technical and agricultural education.
AID officials are also considering a four-year health project, to start in fiscal 1979, which would set up centers to train Somali villagers in preventive medicine and health care. That program could cost $10 million through 1982, one source estimated.
Until it was cut off, the United States provided $57.3 million in economic development aid to Somalia, starting in 1962.
In the current fiscal year it is scheduled to give $6 million in P.L. 480 food grants, which will go to civilians who gave led the war area of the Ogaden region and to nomads who have come to resettlement villages as a result of the drought.
In September AID gave a $1.5 million grant to the World Health Organization to fight smallpox, which had spread from Ethiopia to Somalia. In October AID contributed $450,000 to the International Committee of the Red Cross to relieve suffering of victims of the Ogaden conflict.