King Hussein will tell President Carter this weekend that Jordan cannot participate in the Egyptian-Israeli negotiations under present circumstances and will appeal to the United States to use its influence to prevent a breakdown of the current Middle-East negotiations, according to informed officials.

Unless something can be done to reverse the positions made public Tuesday by Israeli Prime Minister Menahem Begin Jordanian officials maintained, the peace efforts of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat will face a dead end within a matter of week.

Hussein is reported to fear that a collapse of Sadat's dramatic initiative will strengthen the hand of radical and rejectionist forces in the region that have always maintained the no accomodation with Israel is possible.

The Carter-Hussein meeting, which is to take place Sunday - during the President's visit to Tehran, Iran had been expected to center on effort to bring Jordan into the Egyptian-Israeli discussions.

Any chance of this, however, seems to have been shattered by the announcement of the Begin plan and Jordan's reaction to it.

Previously Hussein had misgivings about Begin's proposal for West Bank "self-rule" as described in the press and via diplomatic channels. Even so, according to Jordanian officials, Hussein was "shocked" at both details of the Israeli proposal and Begin's presentation in unveiling it officially to the Israeli Parliament Tuesday.

Moving swiftly to leave no doubt of Amman's views, the Jordanian cabinet rejected the plan in a public statement issued Tuesday evening.

The statement called the proposal "a poor response" to Sadat's initiatives, and declared that "Jordan categorically refuses to cooperate in the implementation of such a settlement which involves the surrender of Arab territory to Israel, rewarding aggression and putting an end to Palestinian and Arab rights."

Jordan's cooperation is essential to the implementation of the Begin plan, which calls for joint Israeli-Jordanian committees on the details of "self rule" for West Bank residents and on Arab immigration into the area, award for a free choice by West Bank residents to retain Jordanian citizenship and be represented in the Jordanian Parliament.

Jordan's rejection, therefore makes the Being plan as written a dead lowter, even in the unlikely event that Sadat could be persuaded to accept it.

No comprehensive statement of the Arab-Israeli dispute is possible without an agreement on the future of the West Bank, which was under Jordanian rule until it was captured by Israel and placed under military occupation in the 1967 war.

It is highly uncertain - and if Sadat's constant declarations are to be credited, highly - that a separate Egyptian-Israeli deal can be concluded without an agreement in principle about the West Bank.

United Nations Resolution 242 of 1967 and most of the subsequent Middle East diplomacy has been based on the premise that Israel would withdraw from the West Bank and other occupied territories in return for the right to live in peace wihtin secure and recognized boundaries.

According to Jordanian officials, Israel sent Jordan many messages over the years affirming the concept of a withdrawal-for-peace bargain, even though the extent of the pullback and other terms were never worked out.

Begin's plan calls for civil "self-rule" by West Bank Arabs but does not call for Israeli withdrawal from the area. In his address presenting the plan, Begin hinted strongly that Israeli military control is to be permanent, saying that "the murderers' organization known as the P.L.O. (Palestine Liberation Organization) would dominate the area if Israeli troops withdraw.

"This is not a continuation of Israeli policy but a retreat . . . They are now trying to incorporate the occupied land into Israel." said a Jordanian official. He described the Begin plan as "a slap in the face of Sadat" and "completely unacceptable" to Jordan and other Arab nations.

Hussein has been described by American officials, including Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance, as eager to join the Sadat-Begin diplomacy if the bargaining gives promise of a West Bank solution he can accept.

According to Jordanian sources, Hussein's terms for a West Bank solution are the standard Arab position: Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank and Gaza Strip and from Arab Jerusalem, and self-determination for the Palestinians involved. The Begin plan, in the Jordanian view, denies all these objectives.