Egyptian President Anwar Sadat has held "urgent consultations" on Middle East peace efforts with Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu, the semi-official newspaper Al Ahram reported here yesterday.

Romania, the only Soviet bloc country that maintains ties with Israel, helped arrange Sadat's trip to Jerusalem last November. The Romanian leader is scheduled to fly to Washington tonight for talks with President Carter tomorrow.

Al Ahram said the consultations were conducted through diplomatic channels and said Ceausescu briefed Sadat on his recent talks in Bucharest with Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan.

Ceausescu was quoted in the Israeli press as saying Israel's response was Sadat's peace initiative has been "inadequate." He reportedly called on Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin "to have courage" and make decisions that will lead to peace.

(In an interview published in Bucharest yesterday, Ceausescu said Israel's tough stand on Middle East negotiations could cause worldwide resentment and unleash a new wave of anti-Semitism.)

In an interview with the authoritative weekly Cairo magazine October, Sadat urged President Carter to play a larger role in the negotiations and use his influence to help break the deadlock between Egypt and Israel.

"America is qualified now mmore than ever before to reconcile the Egyptian and Israeli viewpoints," Sadat said. "President Carter is a man of ethics and principles, knows all the minute details of the (Middle East) picture and is thus capable of realizing peace."

Meanwhile, an official Egyptian spokesman denied published reports that Carter had pledged to Sadat that he would offer a proposal for a comprehensive settlement.

The spokesman, quoted in Al Ahram, called the reports "mere speculation." American newspapers quoted informed Egyptian sources as saying Carter made the pledge to Sadat during talks at Camp David earlier this year.

In other Middle East developments:

Israeli Defense Minister Ezer Weizman has met with U.S. Ambassador Samuel Lewis to reply to American attacks on Israel for using U.S.-made cluster bombs during the invasion of southern Lebanon, the newspaper Maariv reported.

Weizman an Army Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Mordechai Gur briefed the Israeli Cabinet yesterday on plans for a phased withdrawal of Israeli forced from occupied Lebanese territory.

The Cabinet gave no details of the pullout plan, which U.N. officials said would begin tomorrow.