Turkeys unveiled its proposals for resolving the Cyprus dispute yesterday in a move designed to bolster Carter administration efforts to end the three-year-old congressional arms embargo on Ankara.

But the outline of the proposals, distributed by the Turkish embassy here, provided no indication of any substantial territorial concessions. Nor did the Turks depart from their earlier vies on the type of government a "new federal republic" of Cyprus should have.

There were no immediate Greek or Greek Cypriot official comments on the proposals. One Cypriot source said after studying the Turkish document. "The Turks want to legalize the status quo, they want to be the masters in the north and partners in the south.

Turkish troops seized and occupied the northern 40 percent of Cyprus territory in a 1974 invasion following a Greeks led coup against President Makarios. Ethnic Turks comprise about 18 percent of the island's population.

The Congressional arms embargo was instituted in 1975 - over the vigorous objections of the Ford administration - after Turkey refused to relinquish any of the seized territory. The Turks in turn shut down 26 U.S. military and intelligence gathering facilities on Turkish soil.

The Carter administration and the new Turkish government of Premier Bulent Ecevit have recently reached an agreement under which Turkey would permit reopening of these bases if the arms embargo was lifted. The Turks have also said that they would advance significant new proposals on Cyprus.

The proposals wre presented yesterday in Vienna to U.N. Secretary General Kurt Waldheim by two Turkish Cypriot officials. The Turks indicated willingness to discuss territorial "readjustments" in certain "specific areas" once inter-communal negotiations are resumed.

The outline made no mention about the eventual return of traditionally Greek areas such as Morphou or the city of Famgusta to the Greek Cypriots. But it did restate the offer for a number of Greek "property owners" to return to Famagusta and take over their business.

About 200,000 Greek Cypriots have fied from their homes during the 1974 Turkish invasion. About one fourth of them were from the Famagusta area.

The Turkish proposals provide for continued presence of Turkish and Greek armed forces on the island. The new government, and its legislative and judicial organs, would be based on a 50-50 basis by the two communities in a "bi-zonal federated stat." The head of state would perform only ceremonial functions.

The federal legislature would "consist of the legislative assemblies of the two federate states" and the executive decisions would be made by the "collaboration and consensus of the democratically elected leaders of the two communities" and all federal matters including foreign affairs, finances, defense, and information.

Just how legislative or executive deadlocks would be resolved was not explained.

Both Greek and Greek Cypriot governments have publicly opposed the Carter administration's efforts to lift the Turkish arms embargo in the absence of Ankara's concrete moves to resolve the Cyprus problem.

Administration officials have contended that as a result of the embargo. Turkey's armed forces have deteriorated and the NATO alliance damaged. Moreover, the shutdown of U.S. facilities in Turkey has curtailed Washington's ability to monitor Soviet compliance with strategic arms agreements.

Congress last year modified the embargo to allow up to $175 million in credits to Turkey for this year. But the Carter administration said this was not enough.

The absence of Turkish concessions, however, has strained U.S.-Greek relations. The Greek government also indefinitely postponed high level Turkish Greek talks scheduled to open today in Ankara.

Special correspondent John Lawton reported from Istanbul that Ecevit described the postponement yesterday as a Greek attempt to delay lifting of the congressional arms embargo.

"Obviously this is the first comment that would come to the observer's mind," Ecevit said.

The Turkish government in a statement expressed "regret" at the Greek decision.