The first visit by an American secretary of state is not a happy event for many white Rhodesians who wish the latest peace initiative was not happening.

"The only whites left now are ones like us, waiting to see if the internal settlement will work - and it will if we're left alone," said one housewife, who added that her husband "is at the age when he doesn't feel like starting all over again."

"We've done everything asked of us by Kissinger," she continued referring to the former secretary of state's efforts in southern Africa. "What more do they want?"

Many other white are gloomy.

"All I see ahead is a formless, amorphous mess," said a retired businessman who has been in Rhodesia for 40 years. "If whites could get all their money out, you wouldn't be sitting here talking to me right now."

Despite the limits on the amount of money an emigrant can take out of the country, Rhodesians have been leaving in a steady stream as the guerrilla war intensifies.

Some whites expressed indignant anger over the visit by U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance and British Foreign Secretary David Owen.

"As far as I'm concerned, one white Rhodesian said, "it's a matter of people 8,000 miles away from me deciding my destiny, people who don't understand the situation. I wouldn't tell American's how to run their country."

His view was shared by some blacks. Supporters of the Rev. Abel Muzorewa, who entered a multiracial government with white Prime Minister Ian Smith last month, demonstrated against Vance and Owen.

"The Americans and the British have failed so many times before, we are sick and tired of it," said one black demonstrator.

"We believe the Americans are misinformed by (U.N. Ambassador) Andy Young and Owen," said Edward Maziwana, secretary general of Muzorewa's United African National Council. "We now have one man, one woman, one vote and a date for independence. What are the guerrillas still fighting for?"

"The Americans and the British want their horse in power. Either they change their minds or we will force them to change it," he said.

Many blacks, however, say they would like to see guerrilla leader Joshua Nkomo come back to Rhodesia and participate in elections for a new government.

"If he wins, we will accept him as our leader. If he doesn't we will accept whoever wins," said a black chauffeur.