The General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States elected the first woman moderator in its 117-year history last week at its annual meeting in Shreveport, La.

The 185,000-member denonimation elected Sara Bernice Moseley of Sherman, Tex., who lost election to the post by a close margin two years ago. This year, she defeated the Rev. Dr. John McElroy Crowell of Mobile, Ala., by a secret vote of 246 to 152.

Moseley, 60, is a ruling elder in the First Presbyterian Church in her town and chairwoman of the General Assembly mission board.

The Anglo-Catholic societies of the Church of England have unanimously adopted a resolution opposing the ordination of women, widening the gulf that has arisen over the issue.

The resolution, made in part because of "the already disastrous consequences of precipitate action in his matter in the United States and elsewhere" indicates that church unity is being threatened by the debate over women's ordination. It also says that women's ordination should not be adopted until there is "prior theological agreement with the other great episcopal churches" on the matter, including the Roman Catholic Church.

The Rev. Peter Geldard, new general secretary of the Church Union, largest of the Anglo-Catholic societies, said, "I cannot recall when such unanimity was last expressed."

The shortage of priests in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Antonio has reached the crisis stage, according to clerics meeting there last week.

"Catholic population in San Antonio has risen over 30 percent in the last 18 years," said the Rev. Thomas Flanagan, pastor of St. Vincent de Paul Parish, "while the number of clergy available to staff all the parishes and apostolates of the archdiocese has dropped by 20 percent."

"The priest crisis isn't coming. It's here already," he said, adding that though the need in the archdiocese is for 7 to 10 new priests a year, only two men will be ordained in the locality in 1979, and two in 1980.

American Jewish families all over the country will host 50 disabled Israeli war veterans this summer on visits of varying lengths to the United States. The program has grown since four years ago when a Pittsburgh woman, Mrs. Donald M. Robinson first invited a veteran to stay with her family.

She said that some of the families have formed such strong bonds with their guests that some return each year.

"The cities and families who are eager to be host to the disabled veterans outnumber the number of young men arriving," she said.

The American Bible Society, at its 162nd annual meeting in New York last month, predicted that free distribution of portions of the Bible will reach 1 billion scriptures by 1982. Total world distribution by the United Societies for 1977 was 410 million copies of scripture.

A misunderstanding about the saying of grace over federally subsidized meals for the elderly in Chicago prompted a tearful scene in which one elderly woman locked herself in a storeroom.

About 75 senior citizens at the Queen of Angels Catholic Church were told last Tuesday they would not be permitted to pray before eating a meal funded under a federal grant.

Order and harmony were restored after Paul Hemphill, director of the nutrition program for the mayor's office for senior citizens, said a new supervisor had misunderstood. "Any of the program participants can pray any time they want to," Hemphill said.

At a meeting of the traditionalist Anglican Episcopal Council of Churches last week in Atlanta, attended by the Rt. Rev. Thomas J. Kleppinger, rector of St. Paul's Anglican Church in Arlington, delegates were told that support for their liturgical form is increasing.

"The large number of inquiries and applications received in recent months indicate a decided trend away from religious liberalism and a return to traditional churchmanship. Our membership is determined to continue (using) . . . The Book of Common Prayer, 1928 edition," the group was told by its leader, the Rev. Walter H. Adams, according to Kleppinger.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints' temple, located off the Capital Beltway near the Connecticut Avenue exit, has opened its extensive grounds to the public. The grounds, outside the visitors center open to the public since 1976, may be visited from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m. through the summer. The inside of the imposing temple, topped with a statue of the Angel Moroni, is still closed to public view.