About one-quarter of recent college graduates who look for work through 1985 will have to settle for jobs that traditionally have not required a college degree, according to a new government survey.

The results of the survey, released yesterday, show a continuation of a pattern first seen in 1969, in which the number of college graduates outpaces the supply of jobs requiring a college education.

The findings of the Bureau of Labor Statistics survey are contained in the handbook "Occupational Outlook for College Graduates," which projects the job supply and demand situation through the mid-1980s.

The report indicates that between 1976 and 1985, about 10.4 million graduates will be vying for 7.7 million jobs traditionally requiring a college degree, leaving about 2.7 million to look for other work.

The report said the ratio is about the same as during the 1969-1976 period, when 1 in 4 graduates entering the labor market was forced to take a job previously filled by a person without a college degree.

If there is a bright spot in the outlook, it is that almost all college graduates should be able to find a job of some kind. But those who are least prepared for the labor market are most likely to be underutilized or dissatisfied with their positions.

The handbook notes that a number of occupations will be in demand during the next decade, with good to excellent prospects. These include accountants, bank officers and managers, dentists, economists, engineers, geologists, health service administrators, life scientists, physicians, computer programmers, registered nurses, statisticians and systems analysts.

Jobs for which the competition will be keenest, according to the outlook, include college professors, foresters, historians, librarians, mathematicians, newspaper reporters, physicists and schoolteachers.