Irish Catholics offered masses for a successful reign by Pope John Paul I and the French praised him as the son of a "revolutionary." But the dissident archbishop who broke with Pope Paul VI over modernization of the mass issued only a "no comment."
These were among the first reactions to the election of Cardinal Albino Luciani to succeed the late Pope Paul.
Archbishop Tomas O'Fiaich, primate of Ireland, which has no cardinal, sent the Vatican a message hailing John Paul's election and assuring him of "the affection and loyalty which the faithful of Ireland have always shown toward the holy father."
President Carter, in a statement from Wyoming, where he is vacationing, extended his "deep respect and sincere good wishes" in a message to the new pope.
"We rejoice in the renewal of leadership for your church," Carter said. "In a world of rapid change, the basic needs of humanity remain the same: peace, justice, equality and the opportunity for life with dignity. These are still the supreme challenges that face us. Your voice and your efforts, in the tradition of your predecessors, can be an inspiration and a hope for all those who struggle to meet those challenges."
Irish Prime Minister Jack Lynch sent a message greeting the election "with great joy" and staunchly Roman Catholic Ireland immediately held thanksgiving prayers at regular evening masses.
French church sources hailed John Paul as the son of a "revolutionary" -- a migrant bricklayer who was active in the ItalianSocialist Party -- and a man who once denounced old-fashioned capitalism as breeding human suffering.
French prelates, in their initial comments, predicted the new pope would continue the traditional policies of his two predecessors whose names he chose -- John XXIII and Paul VI.
Bishop Joseph Dufay of Limoges, France, summed up the feeling of many French priests when he said he had heard nothing but good things about the new pontiff.
But in Econe, Switzerland, telephone callers were given an icy "no comment" at the seminary run by French Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, a traditionalist who broke with Paul over his attempts to modernize the church.
Paul suspended LEfebvre from priestly functions in 1976, but the archbishop defied his threats of excommunication and went ahead with the ordinations of priests who still say the banned Tridentine Latin mass.
The Soviet news agency Tass said only, "Cardinal Albino Luciani, patriarch of Venice, was elected new head of the Roman Catholic church, successor to Pope Paul VI, who died recently. He took the name of Pope John Paul."
In Tel Aviv, Chief Rabbi Shlomo Goren said he hoped John Paul's first act would be "to do justice to the Jewish people by granting recognition to the state of Israel, which is accomplishing the prophetic visions in the Holy Land."
Goren said he also hoped the pope "will exerciset all his influence to put an immediate stop to the continued massacre of the Christians in Lebanon, defend the rights of every human being of the world . . . and act steadily against terrorism and persecution."
In Santiago, Chile, President Augusto Pinochet said John Paul's election "raised high hopes" in the hearts of all Catholics, who expect "the church to remain as a symbol of the noble ideals of the message of Christ."
Archbishop Thomas Winning of Glasgow, Scotland, said the new pontiff "will obviously face heavy burdens . . . but he will know that he has the support of Catholics throughout the world and most certainly in Scotland."
Msgr. Luigi Dadaglio, the Vatican's ambassador in Madrid, said of John Paul: "He will be pastor, he will be prophet and saint because is a man of much interior life."
In Canale d'Agordo, Italy, church bells pealed for more than an hour to announce that the son of a poor family of that mountain village was elected pope.
From the regional capital of Belluno, where he was a religion teacher for years, to the many villages up in the mountains of northeast Italy, people rushed into the streets as news spread that Albino Luciani had succeeded Pope Paul VI.
"I really did not expect that Albino could have been elected pope," his brother, Edoardo Berto Luciani, a retired professor, said "I am confused, moved. . . . I can't say anything else. It's too great, so unexpected."
Edoardo still lives in Canale, a village of 1,500 persons whose name was changed from Forno di Canale in 1964.
"It is a village of emigrants, forced to seek work abroad as many other villagers in this beautiful but poor valley," the parish priest of Canale said. "His father went to Switzerland to make a living. Albino also had to emigrate to Feltre to follow his vocation."