When Donald D. Haynie was arrested last December in the wake of a drug raid at Dulles International Airport, he described himself to federal agents as a construction worker from Nashville, Tenn.

But a subsequent investigation by anti-drug enforcement officers and federal prosecutors [WORD ILLEGIBLE] Haynie as the kingpin of a drug empire grossing $52 million in six years - a man also known as "Hillbilly." "Company Commander and "Rocket," who crisscrossed the country [WORD ILLEGIBLE] jets leased at $700 an hour.

According to an indictment released yesterday in U.S. District Court in Alexandria Haynie, 34, and 11 others, some of whom also had colorful aliases, oversaw a global network that imported marijuana by the ton and hundreds of pounds of hashish into the United States.

"It's a big case", said U.S. Attorney William B. Cummings yesterday. "We got Haynie, who we think is the kingpin."

The indictment was returned Sept. 8, but was ordered sealed and remained secret until yesterday after presecutors and some of the suspects were arrested.

From Jan. 1, 1977, until this month, the indictment said, the 12 suspects allegedly conspired to import more than 27,000 pounds of marijuana and a half-ton of hashish from Nepal, India and South America to various East Coast points.

The hashish arrived Dec. 4 at Dulles aboard a Pan American Airlines flight that originated in New Delhi. Drug Enforcement Agency officials said at the time. The hashish was hidden inside a 67-crate shipment of brass door knockers, DEA agents said.

The agents said they substituted sand and other substances for the hashish, then permitted the shipment to be taken toa warehouse in Manassas.

According to court papers, two men were arrested on Dec. 5 as they allegedly removed the crates from the warehouse and loaded them on a pickup truck.

Haynie and two others were arrested the same day in the parking lot of the Rockville Ramada Inn, where, the indictment said, they were planning the distribution of the drugs.

The marijuana, which the indictment said was high quality, allegedly was transported by ships to different points off the East Coast under the direction of a Cuban known only as "Armando."

It was taken in smaller craft to "secluded locations in the Florida keys" and other locations at "Armando's direction, the indictment said.

The shipments then were carried to diverse houses located throughout the state of Florida" in an operation overseen by Haynie, according to the court papers.

Both the marijuana and the hashish wer financed by Haynie and Joseph Michael Gardner, 32, of Fort Lauderdale, Fla., the indictment said Gardner, also known as "The Fat Man," also was indicted.

Others named in the indictment included William S. Coury, an Atlanta financial consultant, charged negotiating the purchase of hashish during trips to India, and Atam T. Serin, a New Delhi customs broker.

Coury also is charged with concealing hashish in number-coded containers mingled with crates of legitimate imported products to escape detection by U.S. Customs agents.

Besides Haynie, Coury, Gardner and Serin, eigth others - with such aliases as "Boston Larry." "Moose" and "Fat Frank" - were indicted for their alleged roles in a "network of drivers, carriers, dealers and storage facility personnel."

The indictment alleges a dozen instances when the group possessed at least 150 pounds of marijuana or was arranging to sell them.

On July 1, 1977, the indictment said, Haynie allegedly gave 2 tons of marijuana to indicted conspirator Michael Vlcek for resale in the Western and Midwestern United States. On the same day, Haynie had 5 tons of marijuana he intended to distribute, the indictment said.

On Sept. 1, 1977, Haynie had 8,000 pounds of marijuana he planned to distribute, the indictment charges, and on Nov. 1, 1977. Haynie possessed about 1 ton of marijuana.

Haynie, who according to DEA officials in Miami was arrested twice last year on drug charges, was a regular customer of a jet management firm that rented him Lear jets at $700 an hour until seven or eight months ago.

A vice president of the firm said yesterday he didn't know what Haynie did for a living, but he added. "He does something that makes a lot of money. He flies with us quite often."

Others indicted were Kenneth Lawrence Bates, a studen fron Naples, Fal., Norman S. Handshaw, 25, a Florida cemetery caretaker; Peter W. Kanelopoulos, an audio-equipment salesman from Rockville; Lynn Edward Fletcher, of Fort Lauderdale, and Franklin Sosa, Paul Max Jenkins and Jean A. Morrisette, whose addresses could not be learned yesterday.